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Archive for August, 2011

U.S.: Storm Irene causes the death of 18 people, saved New York

Monday, August 29th, 2011

AFP - Life has slowly returned to normal Sunday night in New York, largely untouched by Tropical Storm Irene, which killed at least 18 deaths on the entire East Coast.

The three major New York airports, closed preventing the arrival of Hurricane Irene, will reopen Monday, said the Civil Aviation Administration (FAA).Saturday closure caused the cancellation of some 10,000 flights during the weekend.

Mayor Michael Bloomberg, who on Friday ordered the evacuation of 370,000 New Yorkers and shut down all public transport, unheard of for the city of 8 million people, welcomed Sunday there "neither dead nor injured."

He lifted the evacuation order, but New Yorkers were preparing for a new nightmare Monday, lack of public transport still suspended.

Irene, Sunday downgraded the hurricane to a tropical storm, had reached New York in the morning. Streets were flooded in lower Manhattan, Queens and Brooklyn.On Coney Island, famous for its amusement parks, even a vague almost win a car.

A Brooklyn, tree branches littered the streets of residential neighborhoods. Some parks along the East River were flooded, noted AFP.

The Mayor reported limited flooding in coastal areas of the city, 650 damaged trees, and said that some 62,000 homes were without power.

As a precaution, until the entire network is verified, public transport will not resume Monday. No date for resumption was given. "It will be tough," admitted Mr. Bloomberg.Some five million people use public transport every day in New York.

But the mayor, whose decisions had turned Saturday night in New York City off-bars, restaurants, theaters and shops closed - added that if it again, he would take the same decisions, "to protect human lives ".

Wall Street, the New York Stock Exchange, plans to open on time Monday.

The organizers of the US Open tennis are also planning to start the race as planned at 1500 GMT.

According to a latest report, Irene has killed at least 18 people, with the deaths of four more people in Pennsylvania, two campers killed by falling trees.Six others were killed in North Carolina State where he had first touched the ground Saturday.

A man has been killed by such a falling tree, and a 15 year old girl was killed in a car accident, traffic lights no longer functioning.

A child of eleven was also killed by a falling tree in Virginia, and Maryland neighbor, a woman was killed by a falling chimney.

Although weakened and downgraded to a tropical storm, Irene hit hard Sunday afternoon the Atlantic Provinces of Canada and southeastern Quebec, bringing rain and winds and lost power about 200,000 homes.

After having ascended slowly northeast coast of the United States, Irene had again touched the ground Sunday, New Jersey, where Governor Chris Christie has reported two deaths, 350 road closures, 650,000 people deprived of electricity and a major flood America.

One million people had been preventively evacuated coastal areas of that state, almost all of the tourist city of Cape May.Many were allowed to return home Sunday.

In all, Irene has forced the evacuation of nearly two million people living near the coast.

President Barack Obama welcomed the mobilization "exemplary" to limit the effects, but said it would take "weeks to recover."

Nearly two million customers were without power in Washington and in neighboring states of Maryland and Virginia and North Carolina.

And in the small state of Connecticut to the north, power cuts have affected almost half of the population, or 730,000 people, according to the governor Dannel Malloy.Many trees and branches fell on the roads, and electric son.

The cost of Irene, on the east coast America where nearly 65 million people, could reach "tens of billions of dollars," said the governor of New Jersey.

Hurricane Irene still has abated in the night from Sunday to Monday, with winds of 85 km / h after coming to Canada, said the National Hurricane Center (NHC) American.

Irene is now considered a "post-tropical cyclone" in the terminology of the NHC.

At 0300 GMT, its winds were blowing at 85 km / h, which makes it lose its status as a "tropical storm," said the NHC.

MIDDLE EAST: New clashes threaten the truce between Israel and Hamas

Friday, August 26th, 2011

Thursday Israel was engaged in a cycle of retaliation with the radical group Islamic Jihad in Gaza, including two members were killed in 24 hours, while striving to maintain a truce between Hamas, which controls the Palestinian territory.

A tacit truce - which had joined the Islamic Jihad - was supposed to be in place for Monday between Hamas and Israel, after several days of Palestinian rocket fire and Israeli strikes.

But in 24 hours, the resumption of violence killed five Palestinians killed in Israeli air raids in the Gaza Strip, where 19 rockets and mortar shells were fired into southern Israel.

"We will continue to strike those who strike us.Islamic Jihad, which trigger happy, is beginning to pay the price, "said the Minister for Civil Defence, Matan Vilna, Army Radio.

"We've hit those who deserved it and we will continue to do so as long as there's terrorism against Israel," warned the minister.

Hamas, which controls Gaza, is "responsible for what happens in the Gaza Strip," saidVilnai, while stressing that the Islamic movement was "cautious, because he (had) any interest to let this wave" of violence.

"In the past, it has already paid a heavy price," stressed the minister, referring to "Operation Cast Lead" launched by the Israeli army between 27 December 2008 and January 18, 2009, which claimed the lives of more than 1,400 Palestinians, mostly civilians.

The Minister for Intelligence Services, Dan Meridor, for his part, told public radio that Israel was ready to observe a truce implied."We will not jeopardize the peace if the other party (PA) does the same," he said.

"But we will not wait that we shot and that people are dying to act," he added.

The spokesman of the army for its part, said in a statement that the aircraft had attacked since Wednesday evening "a site used to store weapons" in northern Gaza and a smuggling tunnel a weapons workshop in the southern region.

"The Israeli army will not tolerate any attempt to harm civilians and Israeli soldiers and will not hesitate to respond with strength and determination against those who resort to terrorism until calm returns," warned the door said.

In a statement, the Hamas government, in power in Gaza Wednesday lambasted "the violation of the calm" with Israel, accusing it of seeking "escalation."

The main Palestinian factions in Gaza agreed to stop the fire "if Israel stops its attacks" against the country. The calm had prevailed Tuesday.

The new wave of violence occurred as a result of attacks that killed eight people on Aug. 18 in southern Israel, in Eilat.Israeli forces killed several attackers, who belonged to the Jewish state as a radical Palestinian group in Gaza.

Five Egyptian policemen were also killed in the crossfire, causing a diplomatic crisis between the two neighboring countries.

The firing of rockets into southern Israel also continued. One of the rockets caused damage Wednesday night in a public building, while a second hit a car. A baby who was in the vehicle was slightly injured, according to a spokesman for the Israeli police.

Libya: In Tripoli, the rebels took over the Green Square, center of Gaddafi regime

Monday, August 22nd, 2011

"Life without dignity is worthless, life without green flags has no value. Sing and dance." In addressing his supporters on 25 February, the top of the Green Square located in the heart of Tripoli, Gaddafi never imagined that nearly six months later, the rebel flag would replace his own, and that its opponents were going to dance the night away.

On the night of Sunday to Monday, this place has in fact fallen into rebel hands, 24 hours after the start of a major offensive on the Libyan capital, last stronghold at the hands of Gadhafi. The rebellion was quick to be renamed "Martyrs' Square" in tribute to victims of the uprising. An approach that sounds like an end of term for Colonel Gaddafi, in power for 42 years.Mecca of Gaddafi and for good reason, this place is lined with palm trees and partially surrounded by arcades dating from the colonial era Italian that was celebrated every year Fateh Revolution of 1 September 1969, when the officers revolutionaries led by Muammar Gaddafi have seized power. In 2009, on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of the reign of the "Guide", the festivities on and around the square had been held for six days. Since February 17th and the beginning of the popular uprising - which has been transformed into armed conflict - the fans of the Colonel were used to gather, or "were gathered" on the Place Verte.However, they struggled to occupy the entire vast esplanade, which is supposed to contain "the millions of supporters" boasted that, until recently, Colonel. There are a few more months, foreign journalists and their escorts appointed by the regime were invited to go there to see the popularity of Gaddafi. "The impure bathe with the blood of the Libyans in Paris," he was most recently written on a banner written in broken French. A sign of changing times, last night, among the cheering crowd waving flags of red, black and green, the colors of the rebellion, a few French flags were flown "Place des Martyrs."

SPAIN: Benedict XVI wants to put "man" in the center of the economy

Friday, August 19th, 2011

AFP - Pope Benedict XVI called for a regulated economy, favoring the "man" instead of profit at any cost, on his arrival in Madrid Thursday night after incidents between police and supporters of secularism denouncing the cost of World Days youth.

"Man must be central to the economy," "this is confirmed in the current crisis (…) The economy can be measured by the maximum benefit," said the pope before his descent to plane.

The plane that brought him to Madrid, he denounced the illusion of "self-regulated economy," the center of the economy "is not profit but solidarity," while plans rigor Spain and elsewhere want to curb debt and market speculation and generate social discontent.

Benedict has also criticized the lack of job that makes "many young people watching with concern for the future", while Spain has a particularly high youth unemployment with 46.1% of 16-24 year olds out of work.

Under a leaden sky, the welcome by King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia was warm: behind a row of children dressed as Swiss Guards, young people of WYD waved multicolored flags, clapped, chanted "is youth the Pope. "

Early in his four-day visit, Benedict XVI gave a grim picture of Western society: "young people see the superficiality, the prevailing consumption and hedonism, so commonplace at the time of sexuality, so many gaps solidarity, so much corruption ".

He also denounced "the depreciation, open or hidden discrimination" of Christianity in various countries, asking young people not to be "afraid" to show their faith.

Without mentioning the scandal of pedophile priests in several Western countries, Ratzinger said his "immense joy" to preside over World Youth Day, which he described as "a breath of fresh air and child" who "filled with confidence for the future of the Church ".World Youth Day "is a cascade of light to show the presence of God," he said.

In the city, thousands of young people, braving the heat to the heavy nap time, walking around, wrapped in flags, improvised encounters with other groups in other countries.

On the route from the airport, they had gathered hundreds of thousands, waving colorful flags, the Popemobile drowning under a shower of confetti, shouting "Long live the Pope", "Youth is the Pope."

"This is proof that Catholic youth is very much alive", launched Jesus Godoy, a 27-year seminarian came from Venezuela.

Thursday evening, all gathered on the Place de Cibeles in downtown Madrid.The pope will be greeted by a parade and horse Andalusian air.

Wednesday night, thousands of protesters gathered at the call of 140 pro-secular associations had faced in central Madrid to groups of young Catholic pilgrims, exchanging insults and slogans, separated by cordons of police.

Clashes broke up the Puerta del Sol, the symbolic events in recent months against the crisis.Eleven people were slightly injured.

Several thousand protesters gathered laity in the evening behind a placard bearing the words "From my taxes, zero cents for the Pope. Secular state."They shouted "This youth is not the pope," "Stop, transphobia, sexism, homophobia."

Hundreds of Catholic pilgrims greeted them with cries of "This youth is the pope."

Thursday, Benedict XVI was to be greeted by a kissing session, convened on Facebook by a group of gay rights.

The defenders of secularism have calculated that the various administrations have spent over one hundred million euros to the World Youth Day, a cost considered exorbitant, while Spain has an unemployment rate of over 20%.

The organizers, themselves, argue that these days, with an estimated cost of 50.5 million euros, are self-funded by contributions from pilgrims and corporate donations, and estimate that one hundred million euros for the fallout local economy.

Libya: Libyan Rebels continue their breakthrough and deny talks

Tuesday, August 16th, 2011

AFP - The Libyan rebels Monday took control of three key cities on the road to Tripoli, one of their most important breakthroughs since the conflict began six months ago, while confusion reigned around talks in Tunisia.

The special envoy to Libya Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Jordanian Abdel Ilah Khatib, arrived Monday in Tunis, announcing he had joined in discussions between officials of the regime and the rebellion.

In New York, the UN, however, denied any involvement, ensuring only available to "any concrete information on the talks to be held in Tunisia between the National Transitional Council (CNT) and the authorities in Tripoli."

A source close to the Tunisian security, the talks have yet taken place Sunday between rebels and representatives of the regime in Djerba in Tunisia, and airport source said a tri-jet engine of South Africa was stationed there for nearly two Qatari helicopters .

In an audio message broadcast on the night of Sunday to Monday, Muammar Gaddafi has, however, adamant: "The end is near the colonizer and the end is near rats (…).They no longer have to resort to lies and psychological warfare after the failure of all wars. "

And Benghazi, "capital" of the rebels in eastern Libya, the vice president of CNT, Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, denied any talks with the regime, "both in Tunisia and elsewhere."

On the ground, the insurgents said they control the "majority" of Zawiyah, about forty kilometers west of Tripoli and the cities of Gharyan and Sorman, located respectively 50 km to the south and sixty kilometers west of the Libyan capital.

And they tighten the noose around Tripoli, bastion of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, in power for 42 years and has faced since February 15 in a revolt that turned into armed conflict.

"It is becoming increasingly clear that the days are counted from Gaddafi that his isolation is becoming more important every day," said the spokesman of the White House, Jay Carney, while the spokesman State Department, Victoria Nuland, announced that the U.S. was "very encouraged by the progress of the rebels."

According to the rebel commander Abdul Hamid Ismail Zawiyah in the battle, which raged during the night, allowed rebel forces to push the pro-Qaddafi on the outskirts of the city.Five insurgents were killed.

An AFP correspondent was able to travel to the area Awlat Jarbo, two kilometers from the eastern gate of Zawiyah. He could hear bombing from time to time.According to Dr. Nuland, pro-government forces bombed Qaddafi central Zawiyah Monday.

After heavy fighting Sunday, the insurgents have also taken control of and Gharyan Sorman, who, with their garrisons, served as a bulwark in Tripoli.

According to a spokesman for the rebels, the insurgents also control the 15 km road between Zawiyah and Sorman, depriving the capital of its usual supply route from Tunisia.

In Tripoli, the spokesman of the regime Ibrahim Moussa acknowledged Sunday that the fighting took place at Gharyan and Sorman, while expressing confidence in the regime's ability to repel the attacks.

Mr.Ibrahim also said that the regime's troops had regained control of Touarga, a town about forty miles south of the rebel enclave of Misrata (200 km east of Tripoli) and taken in recent days by the fighters insurgents.

The forces pro-Qadhafi launched a ballistic missile Scud Sunday on rebel positions since the home of Libyan leader in Sirte, which crashed in the desert causing no casualties, said Monday in a senior U.S. official told AFP the defense.

"We think it was Brega", a town 240 km southwest of Benghazi (eastern) part fell under rebel control Monday, according to the senior official who requested anonymity said the missile missed its target by about 80 km.This is the first known shooting of this type of missile from the beginning of international intervention in Libya on March 19.

Muammar Gaddafi's hometown, Sirte is located halfway between Tripoli and Benghazi.

Libyan forces have acquired 240 Scud-B in 1976, a ballistic missile short-range produced by the Soviet Union, according to the journal Jane's.

On the Eastern Front, the rebels now control the entire residential area in eastern Brega, according to an AFP journalist.The fighting took place Monday on the side of oil facilities in the western part, where the reporter could hear the exchange of gunfire.

Consisting essentially of square houses by the sea, now sacked, the residential area has the appearance of a ghost town, littered with boxes of ammunition scattered and charred carcasses of military vehicles.

In an effort to support the country, the Netherlands announced Monday it had released 100 million euros in frozen Libyan assets to put at the disposal of the World Health Organization (WHO) for purchase of medicines destination of the Libyan population.

UNITED KINGDOM: The British mobilized to identify those responsible for riots

Saturday, August 13th, 2011

In recent days, their photos appear everywhere: in print, online, on the street or even on a giant screen installed on a van that travels the city of Birmingham. These images are often blurred young, sometimes with a hood on his head, accused of involvement in the riots that shook London and other English cities for four consecutive nights.Shocked by the urban violence, the British public seems determined to help police identify and find those responsible, to respond for their actions.

But the publication of these images does does not affect the privacy of the alleged rioters? In France, for example, never, even at the height of the suburban riots of 2005, these pictures have been released.Prime Minister David Cameron swept on Thursday, these concerns: "Image after image, these criminals will be identified and arrested and we will not let these concerns cans on human rights to interfere in the publication of these photos and the arrest of these individuals, "he said.

"Catch a robber"

This is the Metropolitan Police (Metropolitan Police - or Met) itself that got the ball rolling this week. As part of "Operation Withern", she has published on its website and Flickr photos of rioters extracted from video surveillance cameras. "We want to talk with them," said the Met.All those who recognize one of the individuals who have information about them should contact the police. They can also call anonymously to Crime Stoppers NGOs.

The British press went further, publishing more faces in its pages. "A chance to catch another idiot," said a headline in the newspaper of general circulation in Rupert Murdoch's The Sun, over a mosaic of photos. "Do you know these suspects?", Also wrote the Daily Mail.These tabloids are not the only ones who called on citizens to denounce the rioters: the same images in the Times, Telegraph or the BBC.

After the police and the media, ordinary citizens were mobilized in turn, using the Internet and social networks to advertise the maximum of portraits of alleged rioters. Web sites - such as London rioters, for example - Facebook groups and blogs have been created."We must be clear, the publication of a photo is not proof of guilt," said still the founder of the site "Catch a robber" (Catch a loot).

According to Sophie Loussouarn, a specialist in British politics and author of "David Cameron, a curator of the century", these initiatives reflect the tone of the Prime Minister's speech to the House of Commons Thursday, during which he called in particular to restore order. "The whole community was invited to fight against the rioters, she said. There is a kind of union between the responsible citizens who respect the order and authority, against the offenders who create disorder.This is a rather Manichean society undoubtedly related to the Protestant religion, which stresses the antagonism between good and evil. "

Culture of transparency

Nick Anstead, a professor of media and communication at the School of Economics and Political Science, London, ahead of other explanations to the behavior of British, who seem to prefer to work collectively to identify those responsible rather than having recourse to instruments of repression more violent. "We must certainly take into account cultural factors in terms of attitudes towards the police, government and civil disobedience, says Nick Anstead.This brings us to the very British concept of civil liberties: the response to disorder must be non-military, that is to say that police do not carry weapons and do not use water cannons or tear gas "insists Nick Anstead.

The "bobbies" English have in fact never been armed, unlike the French CRS (Republican Security Companies, Ed), for example, capable of brutally repressing a lot more riots or demonstrations.

Relatively common in the UK, calls by police to identify criminals are "treated as an effective technique," said Nick Anstead.He said the practice is close to that of video surveillance: used to be called upon to denounce violations of the law, the British are accustomed to being observed. "We must not forget that control devices and monitoring were in place well before the September 11 attacks," says the professor.

It is in fact the bombing campaigns conducted by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against London in the early 1990s that led to the establishment of the "iron belt" around the capital.Chicanes to force drivers to slow down, surveillance cameras and police presence have become the norm. The British capital is now seen as the most watched city in the world.

According to surveys of polling organization YouGov, a large majority of the population is also in favor of these devices: 93% of Britons say they are in the presence of cameras in banks, 89% in the metro, 86% outside bars, 84% in the main streets of cities …

"For the British, the cameras do not constitute an invasion of privacy, says Sophie Loussouarn.They correspond rather to a culture of transparency. "

The British, more informers than others?

Similarly, the publication of photos of suspected rioters caused no outcry from human rights organizations of human rights.Liberty, for example, the major British organization, calls primarily a real investigation into the death of Mark Duggan, a young man killed during a police operation - the incident that would have triggered the riots - and calls for police response to negotiated to resolve the crisis.

"Given the scale of the riots and the nature of the photographs, it seems difficult to argue that the publication of these photos for identification purposes violates the rights of subjects, also says in a blog on the Rights of the Man published on the Guardian website, the lawyer Matthew Flinn.The publication of these images may be the only way to identify a number of guilty. "

The question is whether these repeated calls to identify the culprits are actually acted upon. The British, all informers? "I do not know if the British are more likely than others to report crimes to the police, responding Nick Anstead. It is difficult to assess the" level of betrayal "in the UK, I do not think of comparative data have been made. " August 9, the NGO said Crime Stoppers has received over a thousand calls.

(Photo taken from the main site rioters London).

UK: The riots spread to other cities

Tuesday, August 9th, 2011

AFP - The riots that hit this weekend several multiethnic neighborhoods in London have continued into the night from Monday to Tuesday, forcing the British Prime Minister David Cameron to cut short his vacation to return to the capital in an emergency.

Violence and looting have also spread into the night with English cities of Birmingham (center), Liverpool (northwest) and Bristol (South West).

David Cameron, who was on holiday in Tuscany (Italy), will hold an emergency meeting Tuesday with emergency services and will meet with the Minister of the Interior and the police chief, announced his cabinet.

Scotland Yard said it had deployed 1,700 extra police officers to deal with the worst incidents in the British capital for years.

Scotland Yard also said Tuesday that 334 people - including an eleven year old boy - were arrested Saturday since the beginning of the violence. 69 of them have been charged in connection with the incidents in the whole of Greater London.At least 35 policemen were injured during the weekend.

Buildings were on fire in Croydon, Lewisham and Peckham in south London, while groups of looters spread through the streets of Hackney in the east, at Clapham in the south to Camden in the north and in Ealing the west.

In "Ledbury", Michelin-starred restaurant in Notting Hill, looters attacked the mobile phone customers and have made off with the cash as well as dishes from the hotel.

Hundreds of riot police intervened to contain the rioters in Hackney, a few miles from Stratford (East London) where will the next Olympic Games in less than a year.

In the provinces of West Midlands police confirmed the arrest of 87 young people, in downtown Birmingham, breaking shop windows and looting. She said a police station in Birmingham was on fire.

In Liverpool, the local police also reported being confronted with scenes of violence including the burning of cars. "No violence will be tolerated on the streets of Liverpool and we took swift and firm action to address them," said a spokesman for the police, Andy Ward.

As for the British capital, the police chief Tim Godwin, told the press: "There are significant problems in a number of areas across London.As a result, many police are deployed, but I ask parents to contact their children start to ask them where they are. "

The first disturbances broke out in London following a demonstration Saturday to demand "justice" after the death of a 29 year old man, Mark Duggan, who was killed Thursday during a shootout with police in Tottenham ( North London).

The government's number two Nick Clegg, who went to Tottenham on Monday condemned a "wave of gratuitous violence", having "nothing to do with the death of Mark Duggan," a family man.

An independent monitoring committee has opened an investigation into the circumstances of the death of Mark Duggan.The results of the ballistics were expected Tuesday.

A year after their rescue, Chilean miners found their daily

Friday, August 5th, 2011

They have been through hell and global fame, flew for the first time, received gifts from rock stars, football, the Pope. But a year after their ordeal of 69 days, few of the 33 miners miraculously Atacama have returned the thread of a normal life.

Some enliven lectures-talks from experience, a handful returned to the mine out of necessity, or atavism.

But most shackle odd jobs: mechanical, building, sales markets and are without steady employment.

Seven of the miracles of the San Jose mine is still on sick leave, with medical and psychological. Nightmares, sleep disturbances, fear of darkness among the symptoms.The youngest of the group Jimmy Sanchez (20 years), or Jose Ojeda, 47, are among the most affected.

"For some, it is still painful to remember, they suffer", told AFP the minor Luis Urzua, shift supervisor who was 33 at the time of the accident on August 5 and the last to leave the mine, Oct. 13, during the dramatic rescue followed by the world.

"We do not all have the same ability to get back," he said.

The doctor of the Chilean Safety Association (body medicine) responsible for monitoring children, ensures that most of those who are on temporary sick leave leading "normal lives, and are treated at home for any trouble ".

Some form of normality has returned: the invitations and attention consuming the first few months, which saw the visiting children up to 14 countries for a show in the U.S., a television in Spain, a football match in England, a Holy Land, has fallen for many months.

Only a few, like Edison Pena, the "Elvis fan," Mario Sepulveda or the "extroverted" have exploited this vein at best, and are still regularly applied abroad. Sepulveda has an agent in the United States, Pena was the guest of the end of July a festival of Elvis Presley fans in Canada.

"I'm great me out, recently explained to AFP Sepulveda.Because I am a monster work, and I know you need to know to take advantage of the circumstances of life. "

Several miners continue to talk about their underground nightmare: what made them hold the virtues of solidarity, faith, and … of safety, the San Jose mine was a tragic example-cons.

Mr.Urzua, Omar Reygadas, Claudio Yanez, Jorge Galleguillos are among half a dozen living part-conference talks, often in a private business.

But the stable livelihood remains a concern for most 33, as are extinct compensation coverage for valid and the money donated by an eccentric mining magnate, Leonardo Farkas (the equivalent of 7,500 euros per child, plus a small motorcycle).

Fourteen of them have requested early retirement.

But all also have a fire or legal action: a claim of $ 12 million in total against the owners of the mine, and another against the Chilean government for negligence, for which they claim a $ 540,000 (380,000 euros) each.

Legal, medical or media, the end of the incredible saga of the "33" is not yet written.

Films are in preparation, new books must be published, this time with confidence miners themselves, confiding to the rights protected by a limited company they founded.

A year later, these snippets of memories should still fascinate.

"History has brought together the world who has not used to this kind of happy things," Urzua analysis.

A year after their rescue, Chilean miners found their daily

Friday, August 5th, 2011

They have been through hell and global fame, flew for the first time, received gifts from rock stars, football, the Pope. But a year after their ordeal of 69 days, few of the 33 miners miraculously Atacama have returned the thread of a normal life.

Some enliven lectures-talks from experience, a handful returned to the mine out of necessity, or atavism.

But most shackle odd jobs: mechanical, building, sales markets and are without steady employment.

Seven of the miracles of the San Jose mine is still on sick leave, with medical and psychological. Nightmares, sleep disturbances, fear of darkness among the symptoms.The youngest of the group Jimmy Sanchez (20 years), or Jose Ojeda, 47, are among the most affected.

"For some, it is still painful to remember, they suffer", told AFP the minor Luis Urzua, shift supervisor who was 33 at the time of the accident on August 5 and the last to leave the mine, Oct. 13, during the dramatic rescue followed by the world.

"We do not all have the same ability to get back," he said.

The doctor of the Chilean Safety Association (body medicine) responsible for monitoring children, ensures that most of those who are on temporary sick leave leading "normal lives, and are treated at home for any trouble ".

Some form of normality has returned: the invitations and attention consuming the first few months, which saw the visiting children up to 14 countries for a show in the U.S., a television in Spain, a football match in England, a Holy Land, has fallen for many months.

Only a few, like Edison Pena, the "Elvis fan," Mario Sepulveda or the "extroverted" have exploited this vein at best, and are still regularly applied abroad. Sepulveda has an agent in the United States, Pena was the guest of the end of July a festival of Elvis Presley fans in Canada.

"I'm great me out, recently explained to AFP Sepulveda.Because I am a monster work, and I know you need to know to take advantage of the circumstances of life. "

Several miners continue to talk about their underground nightmare: what made them hold the virtues of solidarity, faith, and … of safety, the San Jose mine was a tragic example-cons.

Mr.Urzua, Omar Reygadas, Claudio Yanez, Jorge Galleguillos are among half a dozen living part-conference talks, often in a private business.

But the stable livelihood remains a concern for most 33, as are extinct compensation coverage for valid and the money donated by an eccentric mining magnate, Leonardo Farkas (the equivalent of 7,500 euros per child, plus a small motorcycle).

Fourteen of them have requested early retirement.

But all also have a fire or legal action: a claim of $ 12 million in total against the owners of the mine, and another against the Chilean government for negligence, for which they claim a $ 540,000 (380,000 euros) each.

Legal, medical or media, the end of the incredible saga of the "33" is not yet written.

Films are in preparation, new books must be published, this time with confidence miners themselves, confiding to the rights protected by a limited company they founded.

A year later, these snippets of memories should still fascinate.

"History has brought together the world who has not used to this kind of happy things," Urzua analysis.

The army is losing its influence on Turkish politics

Tuesday, August 2nd, 2011

Normally, fourteen generals attending the annual meeting of the Turkish Supreme Military Council (YAS) and decide on appointments to the army. On Monday, three days after the wave of resignations from the staff of the army, there were only nine. Other unusual: Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan chaired the meeting - which will last four days - in the absence of the chief of staff resigned, General Isik Kosane.

At the previous meeting in 2010, the government imposed its candidates for command of the army, after negotiations extremely contentious. Traditionally, the army decided. The government agreed.This year, the government will decide all military appointments and promotions. "The army finally returns under the command of the government," said political scientist specializing in Turkey, Ali Kazancigil.

Friday, tensions between the government and the army came to a head. The Chief of Staff and the commanders of the army, air and sea resigned. According to Turkish media, they were in disagreement with the Government of the Islamic-conservative on the issue of promoting high-ranking military prison for conspiracy cases. Actually, the profound nature of disagreements is much more political.Political and military waging a war of power, that the plan is set to win.

Weakening the political role of the army

The army - which considers itself the guarantor of secularism - has begun a battle with the government from the accession to power of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, leader of the AKP (Justice and Development, Islamic-conservative) in 2002. "The military has lost the hand, but they do not seem to be aware of, said Ali Kazancigil. They thought that by resigning, they would cause a stir in society. They thought that the Kemalist [defenders of the secular policy of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic] were going to attack the authorities.But nothing happened. "

According to Ali Kazancigil, the military has, over the past decade, discredited in the eyes of the population. "Some generals have used methods for seditious derail attempts to negotiate with the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party, who leads a rebellion in Turkish Kurdistan in south-eastern Turkey), says political scientist. They also attempted coups in 2003, 2004 and 2005. Some documents published in the media highlighting of particularly violent plans to overthrow the government. "Several hundred soldiers were jailed after these cases, more than forty generals and several dozen officers.

Pro-democracy movement within the military

For forty years, the army and was untouchable player in Turkish politics. Under the pretext of protecting secularism, the military has carried out three coups in 1960, 1971 and 1980. In 1997, they worked for the resignation of the Islamist Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan, the mentor of the current head of government. In 2002, came to power Reccep Tayyip Erdogan changes the game in Turkey.Prime minister from the Islamist movement, unpopular with the army, has a number of reforms to give less weight to the institutional Army.

In 2010, the government organized a referendum to amend several provisions of the Constitution, particularly that concerning the reduction of the power of the military. Over 70% of the vote in favor of the constitutional amendments. "The most interesting is that, according to several polls conducted in the exit polls, 57% of soldiers surveyed had voted in favor of reform, noted Ali Kazancigil.This means that a majority are in favor of a professional army that does not interfere with politics. "

This figure shows a trend already present for several years in the army. In 2003, 2004 and 2005, attempted coup had been compromised by denunciations from the body of the army. "Original documents detailing the conspiracy, were given to reporters, left the walls of the military officers pro-democracy," said Ali Kazancigil.

For now, the resignation of the four chiefs of staff does not seem to move beyond measure in Turkey."There were no indignant editorial, no movement of crowds, says political scientist. Finally, this is the last stage of normalization of Turkish politics who suffered greatly from constant intervention of the army."