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Archive for October, 2013

CHINA: A car caught fire in Tiananmen Square, three dead

Tuesday, October 29th, 2013

 

Three people died, Monday, October 28, at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, after a burning car crashed into several tourists, reported the news agency China .

"The driver of the jeep and two passengers were killed," said the official news agency. On an official account of microblogging, the Chinese police said the car left the road on the north side of the square, breaking through security and then caught fire, injuring "many" tourists and police.

Censorship

Photographs posted - and quickly erased by the services of censorship - showed a burning vehicle topped with a thick column of smoke before the famou ber portrait of Mao at the entrance to the Forbidden City, which overlooks the north side of Tiananmen.

Two reporters from AFP reported being arrested and their equipment confiscated while trying to get close to Tiananmen square that represents political power in China. 

Thousands of people were killed in the crash of the pro-democracy movement in 1989 near the famous Tiananmen Square, where the Communist Party sent tanks to armed e to end seven weeks of protests. Important security forces are permanently stationed since the vast esplanade where also the entrance to the Forbidden City, the Mausoleum of Mao and the People's Palace.

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SAUDI ARABIA: Women Driving: Saudi women to run the emancipation

Friday, October 25th, 2013

 

"Driving is a choice." Behind this lies a banal slogan fight is far from it: the Saudi militant million for the right to drive. The women are so called Wahhabi kingdom, Saturday, Oct. 26, to drive to challenge the political and religious authorities of the country in the world where they are deprived of this right.

"On October 26, the women in Saudi Arabia say they are determined (…) and that this issue must be resolved," he told AFP Manal Al Sharif icon Women movement to drive for two years now. On 17 May 2011, the Saudi 32 years, computer consultant, was posting a YouTube video of her driving a car. This weapon is earned him taste the Saudi jails for nine days and revive an old fight over 20 years.

It all began in November 1990, during the war in the Gulf. While women of the U.S. military lead on military bases in the kingdom, 47 Saudi decided to organize a convoy through the streets of Riyadh, said CNN. Immediately arrested, some even lose their job. In a country steeped in patriarchal and religious traditions, Islam is then waved to give a societal taboo law. In 1991, the Grand Mufti of the Kingdom and issues a fatwa prohibiting women from driving. The reason? Leave them alone in vehicles must lead to the "diversity" and thus the "social chaos."

"The fact that a woman driving a car is a source of many evils and unfortunate consequences. This leads in particular to meet men when they are not on their guard. This encourages them to commit grave sins, because where such activity is prohibited, "asserted while Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Abdullah bin Baz, the Washington Post reports. Following the recommendations of the highest religious authority, Prince Naif bin Abdulaziz Al Saud al-then Minister of the Interior issues a decree endorsing the fatwa. Women's driving becomes illegal.

A promising mobilization

On the eve of the operation "driving is a choice," the mobilization is already waiting for you. "More than 50 videos showing women being drive" have been uploaded since the launch of the campaign on social networks, said Manal Al Sharif, who now lives in Dubai ,. An online petition launched in early September collected 16,000 signatures before being blocked two weeks later, said the Middle East Online website.

Saturday, October 26, no parade of women driving is expected, the law banning any gathering. Each activist who received the precious abroad is invited to drive individually and post photos and videos on social networks.

Faced with the unprecedented media coverage of the movement, a hundred religious has already Risposte gathering in front of the royal palace in Jeddah on Tuesday 22 October. Last month, the Conservative Sheikh Saleh al-Luhaydan protested by advancing either religious arguments but pseudo-medical. "The conduct automatically affects the ovaries and pelvis back, he has advanced the sabq.org site. This is why children born to women who drive regularly suffer from physical disorders to varying degrees. "

A first step to extract more rights

Given the hypocrisy of Saudi society, thirty three female members of the influential Advisory Council Majlis al-Shura, named in January by King Abdullah, decided to act. Dr. Al-Shalan Latifah, Dr. Haya Al-Manee and Dr. Mona Al-Mushait thus filed an appeal on 10 October to lift the de facto ban on women driving, recalls the USA Today website.

This recommendation does lead one day to a royal decree? This is the wish of Saudi who believe that only the king can reform society. "The king said that this is the company to decide. But this is impossible, the religious will never agree. It is for him to decide because it is a political issue, "the indignant blogger Tamador Al Yami on the site" Madame Le Figaro ".

But the Wahhabi kingdom, women's rights have always aroused great controversy. In the 1960s, the opening of the first girls' schools had raised such a storm of protest, including radical clerics that King Saud had to send the army to the protected. Although some argue that "society is not ready", Saudi Arabia carries shy but many advances in recent years. In 2009, King Abdullah has opened the first coeducational university, the University of Science and Technology. In September 2011, the king granted them the right to vote and representation in the municipal elections of 2015. And in recent months, domestic violence is now prohibited by law. Small steps to some, but not for such a giant conservative regime.

Obtain the right to drive, the first step towards the emancipation? Manal Al-Sharif believes hard as iron. Saudi women dream of "a more important right", that "to be considered major" and no longer depend on the permission of a male guardian - father, brother or husband - to travel, work or even get married. A long struggle which should nevertheless lead. Saudi Arabia signed the UN convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Sooner or later, it will ratify.

SYRIA: Friends of Syria want to unite the Syrian opposition to Geneva II

Tuesday, October 22nd, 2013

 

This is a crucial meeting. Friends of Syria meet Tuesday, October 22 in London to try to convince the Syrian that the future international conference in Geneva on political transition in Syria, scheduled for November 23 opposition is only possible way to achieve peace. The "Eleven of London" - Germany, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, United States, France, Britain, Italy, Jordan, Qatar and Turkey are particularly insist that the opposition has " united and strong. "

The exiled opponents of the Syrian National Coalition (CNS), the main interlocutors of the "Friends of Syria" will be represented by President Ahmad Jarba, elected in July, with particular Mostafa Sabbah his unfortunate opponent in the election, says does one Western diplomatic source. The delegation should represent a broad spectrum of the Coalition, "beyond the current leadership."

The political solution to end the crisis

After giving up military strikes against the regime of Bashar al-Assad and passed a resolution at the UN in late September providing for the removal of chemical weapons from Syria, proposed Moscow, Western and Arab countries now advocate "political solution" as the only way out of the crisis. It is the purpose of the Geneva-2.

Originally scheduled for June, was postponed due to differences over the fate of President Assad and the involvement of Iran. It should bring together leaders of the regime and the opposition to form a provisional government, with the full executive powers and defense, and to end a conflict that killed more than 115,000 died two and a half years.

On the British side, one does not wish to leave the regime of Bashar al-Assad appear to be the only possible alternative to the jihadist groups fighting on the ground and some of which are related to Al-Qaeda. The Coalition has spent too much time in internal discussions, the officials complain that note that, under the authority of Mr. Jarba, progress has been made.

"We hope that the opposition will united to the conference. It is important that it is united and strong to influence the outcome ", said Friday the spokesman of French Foreign Ministry Romain Nadal, hoping that the Coalition will" play a major role. " "For us, this is a legitimate political interlocutor. We work with them to prepare, "he has said.

The Syrian National Coalition sets conditions

To sit at the negotiating table in Switzerland, the Syrian National Coalition noted that the express condition was that "Bashar al-Assad and his clique in power no longer participate in the political life in Syria in the transition period and in the future. " A condition that Bashar al-Assad has already raised an objection of inadmissibility. In an interview Monday, October 21 at the TV station Al Mayadine, the Syrian president said his side he saw in his hand "no obstacle" , that it is seeking a new term in the presidential election still officially held in Syria in 2014.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said it will be difficult to deal Bashar al-Assad, bolstered by its recent military successes and the divisions more open in the opposition. In addition, on the ground, the Syrian National Coalition appears discredited after the defection in recent days 70 rebel groups in southern Syria.

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RWANDA: Attack against Habyarimana South Africa remains deaf to the requests of the French judge

Friday, October 18th, 2013

 

According to Radio France Internationale (RFI), the French anti-terrorism judge Marc Trévidic wrote in March 2012, a letter rogatory in order to examine the general Kayumba Nyamwasa on the circumstances of the attack on April 6, 1994 during which President Juvenal Habyarimana was killed.

According to informed sources, this commission was passed in April 2012 in the Chancery and sent a month later to the South African authorities have never given only , suite. 

In July, the former chief of staff of the Rwandan army, now in exile in South Africa, had told RFI hold information that may involve the current Rwandan President Paul Kagame in the attack and he was ready to talk to a French judge.

Read the article exclusive Sonia Rolley on the RFI website.

FRANCE: The French Parliament adopted narrowly draft pension reform

Tuesday, October 15th, 2013

 

The proposed pension reform Ayrault government, including key measures are progressive lengthening of the contribution period to 43 years and the introduction of a hardship account was voted Tuesday, October 15 at the National Assembly in the first reading. The bill "guarantees future and justice of the pension system" was adopted by 270 votes against 249. "We take the torch of social conquests past and we reconnect with the ambition of a cohesion model that forged the identity of our country," said Minister of Foreign Affairs social, Marisol Touraine.

But the allies of the Socialist Party have been lacking. Only the Socialist Group voted for this bill and did not fill up his troops with 17 of its members abstained. The absolute majority of 289 MPs is therefore not achieved, which is extremely rare for a text of this magnitude.

Described as a "historic mistake" reform

The Left Front has voted against an "anti-social" text, the UMP and also IDUs, for different reasons, accusing the government of "deceit" and "denial" with this re , as not returning including the legal age of retirement, maintained at 62 years.  

The formal vote in the Chamber took place while thousands of protesters in front of the Palais Bourbon in Paris and elsewhere in France, challenged again qualified reform "historic mistake."

The bill will then be discussed in the Senate on October 28, the government's goal is to permanently adopt the reform before the end of the year.

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The Nobel Peace Prize to the OPCW acclaimed even by Taliban

Saturday, October 12th, 2013

International reactions have increased since the award, Friday, October 11, the Nobel Peace Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). This award is especially welcomed by the Western powers, as it highlights the perilous work of the OPCW in Syria. This award also reinforces the process of dismantling , Lement the Syrian chemical arsenal, pursuant to a resolution of the Security Council of the UN. Thus, President Francois Hollande said that the price was a "consecration" for France. "The Nobel Prize is a dedication to all that France, not only France, has been engaged for several weeks to denounce the use of chemical weapons and dispose of in a near future, "said the head of state during a business visit to Nanterre. French President assured that Paris "fully supports the OPCW in its essential mission to destroy the Syrian arsenal." La France "will fully support its action, and the promotion of international cooperation in the peaceful uses of chemistry. " "A core mission," the U.S. side, Secretary of State John Kerry welcomed the decision, welcoming the "essential mission" , conducted by the organization in Syria, in order to eliminate chemical weapons. "The world will never forget the death of over a thousand innocent Syrians killed in a senseless attack with chemical weapons on 21 August," insisted John Kerry in a statement. The award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the OPCW reminder of the dangers of such weapons, said on his part the Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon. "This award comes almost 100 years after the first attack with chemical weapons, and 50 days after a shocking use of these weapons in Syria. Far from being relics of the past, chemical weapons are an obvious danger, and always far, "he said in a statement. This award has even reacted to Pakistan, where the Pakistani Taliban "rejoice" that the young activist for the right to education for women, Malala Yousafzai has not won the Nobel Peace Prize, said Friday their spokesman. The day before, they had denounced the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament to the girl in Swat, they had tried to kill, accusing him of "working against Islam

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FRENCH HERITAGE: The oldest cinema in the world rising from the ashes in La Ciotat

Wednesday, October 9th, 2013

 

Behind its facade art deco yellow ocher is a monument in the history of Seventh Art reopens its doors on Wednesday, October 9 at La Ciotat, a half hour's drive from Marseille. Eden Theatre can indeed boast of being the oldest cinema in the world, with projections from the last years of the nineteenth century.

It is more precisely on 21 March 1899 the Eden Theatre hosts its first screening. Nearly 250 spectators médusésy then discovered the first films of Louis and Auguste Lumiere, less than four years after "the first public screening of film history" in the sumptuous family in Lyon.

A mythical time that makes the Eden Theatre oldest halls, sisters who disappeared over time. If she escaped this doom, thanks to the determination of a handful of Ciotadens refusing to see him die "a popular room where half the city ​​met the other half ", likes to tell the laughing eye, Michel Cornille, President of the Association" Lights of Eden ".

Tourism asset

Formerly the show and theater district, the Eden Theatre was forced to close its doors in 1995, after years of financial problems. It will take six million renovation to give new life to this legendary venue built on the seafront of La Ciotat. The building has been renovated respecting its identity inspired by the Italian theaters. The wooden structure that threatened to collapse has been strengthened, carpet éliméea been replaced by black oak flooring while E. were installed on the floor chairs in vintage velvet.

"In this beautiful place that tells a story," the Marseille architect André Stern has developed a set design depicting the transition from photography to the moving image, while at the Outside, the building will become the night locomotive - a tribute to the film of the Lumière brothers' Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat ", which had caused so much terror into the public - with a show on the front of the Seventh Art. 

Tourist attraction for the town of 35,000 inhabitants, the population triples in the summer, Eden "is not only a mausoleum in cinematic history," said Jean- François Chougnet, president of Marseille-Provence 2013, but a cinema in its own right after the highlight of the opening will be managed by a private operator ,. An operator who makes "his partner, his display," according to Mr. Cornille, because "with its 166 seats, it may be difficult to survive economically."

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Amnesty wants to disrupt the relay of the Olympic flame in Russia

Sunday, October 6th, 2013

 

The start of the Olympic torch promises to unfold under high tension. While Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Sunday will kick off the relay of the Olympic flame will travel 65,000 miles across the country to the opening of the Olympics in Sochi on the 7th February 2014, Amnesty International will launch at that time a global campaign against violations of human rights in Russia

Arriving from Greece, the birthplace of the Olympics, the flame is expected Sunday at Moscow-Vnukovo airport at 10:45 GMT in the presence of Russian leaders and the French Jean-Claude Killy, Chairman of the Coordination Commission for the Games of Sochi, southern Russia, from 7 to 23 February 2014.

A ceremony is then provided on the Red Square, where the Russian president will officially launch the relay of the Olympic flame in Russia.  "Drawing attention to the extent of violations of human rights"

The NGO Amnesty International has already announced Monday - the day when the Olympic Torch Relay will begin its journey through the streets of Moscow - a global campaign to denounce violations of human rights in Russia. "The Olympic flame can shed light on violations of human rights that the authorities prefer to hide with the celebrations," the NGO said in a statement .

"Supporters of Ottawa to Puerto Rico via Warsaw, Paris, Brussels, and Moscow will hold demonstrations in public places and in front of the Russian embassy to draw attention to the magnitude of human rights freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly in Russia, "Amnesty said in a statement.

In Moscow, the NGO plans to hold a rally on Pushkin Square in the heart of the capital, but the Russian authorities refused, she has said.  

Extensive safety device

Thousands of police will be mobilized from 6 to 8 October in Moscow where the Olympic flame arrives Olympics in Sochi. "Around 12,000 police personnel assigned to the Ministry of Interior and volunteers will be mobilized for public order and public safety during the Olympic torch relay in Moscow" ,, police said in a statement.

In addition to the police, about 6,000 security officers will be mobilized for the event, said on his part the Russian daily Izvestia Friday. The Russian Army will also participate in security operations.

The Sochi Olympics are an event that is particularly Vladimir Putin, who has used his influence to get the organization that wishes to make a showcase of Russia which he is the strong man for 13 years.

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FRANCE: Book Price: MEPs vote anti-Amazon legislation

Thursday, October 3rd, 2013

 

It will now be impossible for operators such as Amazon, to accumulate a 5% discount on books with free shipping. The decision was adopted unanimously Thursday, October 3 by members.

The right and left have denounced in unison that "dumping" and adopted the text submitted by the UMP, as amended by the Government. It will now go to the Senate.  

These costs offered free by Amazon, which owns 70% of the market for online sales transport are considered as unfair competition by traditional bookstores, already in poor condition financially , re.

Amazon practice "strategy of dumping, selling at a loss," he denounced during the debate the Minister of Culture, Aurélie Filippetti. "The evidence is that they do not practice in this free country, where there is no single price of the book. […] Once they are in a dominant position and have crushed our network of booksellers, they ascend the price, "she said.

The bill inserts in the Lang Law of 1981 the price of one book, a paragraph stating that, in the case of a book shipped to the buyer, the seller may not receive both a 5% discount and free shipping.

France has one of the densest networks of libraries in the world, with some 3500 traditional bookstores (including 600 to 800 "independent" does not belong to an e , publisher, distributor, chain or a large surface area) against just 1,000 in Britain. 

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