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A victory not so easy to Michelle Bachelet

Posted By cooper On November 16, 2013 @ 11:36 am In archives, economics, publish, science | Comments Disabled

 

In his last campaign rally in Santiago Thursday, Michelle Bachelet danced cumbia, mambo and hummed songs of historical Chilean left. An atmosphere worthy of a victory tonight as the former president … [2006 - 2010] seems assured of a return to the palace of La Moneda, the outcome of the election presidential election, the first round will be held Sunday, November 17.

Four years after leaving the reins of the country-party center-right National Renovation (RN) Sebastián Piñera, Michelle Bachelet, 62, enjoys a popularity , indisputable, which exceeds that of Nueva Mayoría [New Majority], the coalition of the left which she defends the colors. According to the Institute CEP, it inherits 47% of the vote, far ahead of the candidate of the right Evelyn Matthei, supported by Alianza, credited as 14%. Some studies even predict his victory in the first round …

"The mother of all Chileans"

Chileans have never stopped plebiscite that they have dubbed the "mother of all Chileans" for his spontaneity and natural touch. The first woman president in the country's history has left office with a peak popularity more than 80%, but could not imagine in 2010 for a second consecutive term, according to the Chilean Constitution. Michelle Bachelet was then flown to New York to head UN Women, an organization that defends the rights of women worldwide.

During the past three years, Chileans have continued to watch his back, highly publicized in March. Strengthened by its international stature, the new candidate is then told ready to "take the challenge" of another term, by giving priority to "overcome ined Galite in Chile. "

Over the past twenty years, the country has experienced a period of growth and prosperity, fueled by the extraction of copper, has risen to the ranks of developed countries. But his rise was accompanied by an unequal distribution of wealth.  

Reduce inequalities Protests have increased in the country under the mandate Piñera to require changes in the economic and political model: students demanding free education , workers demanding reforms to the Labour Code and a better wage. Officials, such as postal workers or garbage collectors have even launched strikes to pressure the government a few days before the election.

For now, only the program Michelle Bachelet seems to meet all these expectations. On the social level, the candidate promised to reform higher education, providing free , and putting an end to private schools, but also to open kindergartens and schools. To achieve this, it will allocate annually 1.5 to 2% of GDP.

In terms of health, the applicant, a doctor by training, plans to legalize abortion in cases of rape or risk to the mother or the unborn child - a practice totally banned in several countries in Latin America. It also promises four billion dollars for the construction of new hospitals, clinics and physician recruitment. And further agrees to open a national debate on the right to gay marriage.

On the fiscal side, she wants to gradually increase the tax on companies with 20 to 25% and end the Fondo de Utilidades Tributables (FUT), a mechanism that allows some companies to re reduce their tax bill. It also intends to terminate the opportunity for companies to defer indefinitely the payment of tax on reinvested profits, a measure adopted in 1984 under Pinochet.

Constitutional reform, but if the voice seems wide open for access to the presidency, paths lead to the various reforms ahead sown institutional barriers, as it was the case for Sebastian Piñera.

At issue: the de1980 Constitution, in force since the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. If it has been amended several times, the text remains unchanged, including the electoral system, which does not favor the party out on top. C ' Therefore, the revision of the Constitution has become a major theme of the campaign, offered by almost all new candidates. To achieve this, some propose to go through a constituent assembly, while Michelle Bachelet prefer consider parliamentary channels.

In this case, the favorite of the election requires a two-thirds majority in both Houses of Parliament. But all observers agree that this challenge is far from won. Aware of the issue, the daughter of General Bachelet, died in custody during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), focused on mobilizing voters, both Presidential the laws, which take place on the same day, "because I need a Congress able to take the plunge for the changes Chile a need, "she warned.


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