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Archive for the ‘economics’ Category

CAR: Lull in the streets of Bangui, patrolled by the French army

Saturday, December 7th, 2013

 

Following the deployment of French troops in the CAR capital, Bangui residents have started to take to the streets on Saturday morning after spending 48 hours holed up in their house terrorized by the violence that left more than 300 dead according to the Red Cross.

According to AFP journalists, armored patrols of the French army were visible in the city, where armed men were less likely than pre days , cédents.

According to residents interviewed by telephone, only sporadic automatic weapons fire punctuated the night incommensurate with the two previous nights. No report of possible victims of the shooting were not available early Saturday morning.

"The presence of French reassures"

Upon lifting of the curfew to 6:00 (0500 GMT), the inhabitants began to walk along the boulevards of the capital, totally deserted the previous two days, for open trade. In some neighborhoods, "a small activity has resumed. Women traders are donuts, porridge, "has told a resident.

"The presence of French reassuring" for his part had commented another yesterday. Friday, December 6, Central Speaker ruled that only African forces and the French presidential security were allowed to patrol in Bangui.

Several people have also sought refuge in the vicinity of the airport, where the French army and the African force have their bases.

With AFP

CINEMA: Georges Lautner, director of "Flingueurs Tontons" died

Sunday, November 24th, 2013

 

He died at the age of 87 years. Georges Lautner, popular and prolific filmmaker, director of the cult film "Les Tontons gunslingers" and many successes of Jean -Paul Belmondo, died Friday, Nov. 22 following a long illness.

With forty films to his credit in sixty-year career of "Barbouzes" to "Cop or Hood" through the "The Professional", Georges Lautner turned with the greatest: Jean-Paul Belmondo, to whom he gave some of his greatest triumphs, Bernard Blier, Alain Delon, Lino Ventura, Jean Yanne, Mireille Darc …

Born in Nice January 24, 1926, Georges Lautner had discovered as a child the world of dark rooms by her mother, actress Renée Saint-Cyr, who later appeared in several of his films. He began studying law before making his first steps in cinema from 1949, as assistant director.

Ratings success

He signed his first film in 1958, "La Vie en Rose buttons". Then, in 1960, he directed "Sink or Swim", Bernard Blier, marking the beginning of a long collaboration with the actor.

In 1961, he met the popular success with "The Black Monocle" thriller that allows Paul Meurisse shine in French secret agent. Two years later, Georges Lautner knows the consecration with "Les Tontons gunslingers" comedy driven by cults replicas screenwriter Michel Audiard.

Incorrigible ratings success to each of his television appearances, the film with Bernard Blier, Lino Ventura, Francis Blanche, Jean Lefebvre and Robert Dalban celebrates 50 years Wednesday its theatrical release. "I never understood the miracle of the Tontons gunslingers + + through the ages," said the filmmaker, who is annoyed by this success, having other ambitions.

Close-ups and tight fit

Adept closeups, Georges Lautner knew also give rhythm to his films with a tight fit. "Michel Audiard said that he was the king of editors," recalls Remy Julienne, who performed stunts in many of his films. "He had the knowledge of popular cinema."

After the "Tonton", the duo Lautner / Audiard then connects the audience success between comedies and thrillers franchouillard gangsters, which appear in turn Lino Ventura, Jean Lefebvre, Francis White, Mireille Darc and Jean-Pierre Marielle: "The Great Spy Chase" (1964), "Do not get angry" (1966), "The Suitcase" (1973) …

In the late 1970s, Georges Lautner made two darker movies with Alain Delon ("Breasts ice" and "Death of a rotten") before rotate who would become his great friend Jean-Paul Belmondo: "Cop or Hood" (1978), "The guignolo" (1980), "The Professional" (1981), a huge commercial success in musical theme signed Ennio Morricone, or yet "Happy Easter". 

In the 80s, the success is rare even if it still meets the public in 1986 with "The Murdered House" with Patrick Bruel. In 1992, "Bebel" which will play the hero of the last film by Georges Lautner, "Strangers in the house."

With AFP

A victory not so easy to Michelle Bachelet

Saturday, November 16th, 2013

 

In his last campaign rally in Santiago Thursday, Michelle Bachelet danced cumbia, mambo and hummed songs of historical Chilean left. An atmosphere worthy of a victory tonight as the former president … [2006 - 2010] seems assured of a return to the palace of La Moneda, the outcome of the election presidential election, the first round will be held Sunday, November 17.

Four years after leaving the reins of the country-party center-right National Renovation (RN) Sebastián Piñera, Michelle Bachelet, 62, enjoys a popularity , indisputable, which exceeds that of Nueva Mayoría [New Majority], the coalition of the left which she defends the colors. According to the Institute CEP, it inherits 47% of the vote, far ahead of the candidate of the right Evelyn Matthei, supported by Alianza, credited as 14%. Some studies even predict his victory in the first round …

"The mother of all Chileans"

Chileans have never stopped plebiscite that they have dubbed the "mother of all Chileans" for his spontaneity and natural touch. The first woman president in the country's history has left office with a peak popularity more than 80%, but could not imagine in 2010 for a second consecutive term, according to the Chilean Constitution. Michelle Bachelet was then flown to New York to head UN Women, an organization that defends the rights of women worldwide.

During the past three years, Chileans have continued to watch his back, highly publicized in March. Strengthened by its international stature, the new candidate is then told ready to "take the challenge" of another term, by giving priority to "overcome ined Galite in Chile. "

Over the past twenty years, the country has experienced a period of growth and prosperity, fueled by the extraction of copper, has risen to the ranks of developed countries. But his rise was accompanied by an unequal distribution of wealth.  

Reduce inequalities Protests have increased in the country under the mandate Piñera to require changes in the economic and political model: students demanding free education , workers demanding reforms to the Labour Code and a better wage. Officials, such as postal workers or garbage collectors have even launched strikes to pressure the government a few days before the election.

For now, only the program Michelle Bachelet seems to meet all these expectations. On the social level, the candidate promised to reform higher education, providing free , and putting an end to private schools, but also to open kindergartens and schools. To achieve this, it will allocate annually 1.5 to 2% of GDP.

In terms of health, the applicant, a doctor by training, plans to legalize abortion in cases of rape or risk to the mother or the unborn child - a practice totally banned in several countries in Latin America. It also promises four billion dollars for the construction of new hospitals, clinics and physician recruitment. And further agrees to open a national debate on the right to gay marriage.

On the fiscal side, she wants to gradually increase the tax on companies with 20 to 25% and end the Fondo de Utilidades Tributables (FUT), a mechanism that allows some companies to re reduce their tax bill. It also intends to terminate the opportunity for companies to defer indefinitely the payment of tax on reinvested profits, a measure adopted in 1984 under Pinochet.

Constitutional reform, but if the voice seems wide open for access to the presidency, paths lead to the various reforms ahead sown institutional barriers, as it was the case for Sebastian Piñera.

At issue: the de1980 Constitution, in force since the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. If it has been amended several times, the text remains unchanged, including the electoral system, which does not favor the party out on top. C ' Therefore, the revision of the Constitution has become a major theme of the campaign, offered by almost all new candidates. To achieve this, some propose to go through a constituent assembly, while Michelle Bachelet prefer consider parliamentary channels.

In this case, the favorite of the election requires a two-thirds majority in both Houses of Parliament. But all observers agree that this challenge is far from won. Aware of the issue, the daughter of General Bachelet, died in custody during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), focused on mobilizing voters, both Presidential the laws, which take place on the same day, "because I need a Congress able to take the plunge for the changes Chile a need, "she warned.

The dream of "Yellow Dogs" Iranian murdered in Brooklyn

Wednesday, November 13th, 2013

 

They fled Iran to go after their dream rock. Invited in 2010 by the SXSW festival in Texas, the Soroush and Arash Farazmand (guitarist and drummer respectively) brothers had decided not to return home. The musicians had sought asylum in the United States and began to make a name in the grunge bars in Brooklyn.

In Iran, where rock is an "illegal activity" deemed contrary to religion, Yellow Dogs [Yellow Dog Ed] occurred in garages and basements for underground concerts . But the United States, post-punk their sound weird and exotic words were warmly welcomed. Prominently in Rolling Stone, they were invited to play all over the country with the other two members of their group: Siavash Karampour singer and bassist Koory Mirz. There are three weeks, the entire group produced the famous Brooklyn Bowl. On its website, the club described the Yellow Dogs as a "roaring life, spirit, tension and imagination" group.

Monday, November 11th in the morning, the two brothers were found dead, shot to death, along with their roommate and Iranian musician and songwriter Ali Eskandarian, 35. Their killer, Ali Akbar Mohammadi Rafie, a former member of another Iranian group, the Free Keys, has committed suicide shortly after the incident.

Shot dead in their apartment

According to the spokesman for the police, John J. McCarthy, interviewed by the New York Times, Rafie accessed the apartment through the roof. He had placed his gun in a guitar case. It was first shot Ali Eskandarian through a lounge window. Then in the chest Soroush, 27, who was lying in bed. Then came the turn of Arash, 28, shot in the head while he was on his computer.

Another resident of the apartment, the Iranian street-artist Sasan Sadeghpourosko, was shot twice in the shoulder and elbow, but survived. Rafie smashed the door of another apartment in the building, finding himself born in born with Pooya Hosseini, also a musician. The latter fought with him and escaped unharmed. Rafie is then returned to the roof of the building where he was shot in the head.

Salehezadeh Ali, who was the manager of the group and lived in the same block, told Reuters they had cut off contact with Rafie after he e , ty excluded Free Keys for stealing money. "When he was fired from his own group, we almost severed all ties with him. We were not really friends with him, "said Ali Salehezadeh in a telephone interview from Brazil. Himself had trouble finding a possible motive for the killings. "I do not know if it is right for them, for us, or for revenge because a member of the Free Keys live with us."

"Good boys"

Bassist and singer Koory Mirz Siavash Karampour were not there at the time of the attack. Monday, they posted a message on the group's Facebook page to announce the news, thanking their fans for the many messages of condolence still kept coming Tuesday.

Brian Kiernan Devine Jr., a member of a film crew who made a documentary about the group, said he was "shattered" by the news. "This is the youth group of the warmest, sincere and idealistic we had the chance to know artists. They managed to escape from Iran, were granted political asylum in New York to pursue their creative dreams (…) All this to be slaughtered in their beds. It is incomprehensible. This is madness. "

Yanira Lantigua, cashier of a local grocery store where young people would do their errands, calls "lovely and quiet boys who have never had a cross word." Monday, around 1 am, she heard the police helicopters flying over the area. It made him a shock to learn that she knew the victims. "They came to buy sandwiches and coffee as recently as a few days ago," she tells FRANCE 24. "The brothers were inseparable. They were really good boys. "

Alireza Tabiban an Iranian expatriate based in Austin, Texas, who had met and had seen them twice in concert, describes them as "very cool boys who just wanted to play their music and have fun. "He added that his family and friends in Tehran would be horrified by the details of this story. "There are not many murders by firearms [in Iran], since it is illegal to possess weapons," he told FRANCE 24. Mehdi Saharkhiz, an Observer FRANCE 24 who met the group in 2010 and spoke of them with passion, tweeted Monday: "This is hell. I still can not believe it. "

Slaughtered on the rise

The Yellow Dogs had built a solid fan club in the United States and beyond. The last member of the group to be granted asylum in the United States had received his papers there are only a few months. The rockers were planning a tour of Europe and Turkey, where they hoped to happen to their family and friends. "Our parents have never seen us play!" Confided Soroush Farazmand in April 2012 in an interview with eMusic.

Before leaving Iran, the group formed in 2006 in Tehran appeared in a documentary about the underground music scene of the Iranian capital, "Persian Cats". The film won the Special Jury Prize at Cannes in 2009. That same year, in a CNN report, Siavash Karampour judged its affiliates as "closer than [his] brothers."

In the last interview that Soroush Farazmand gave before being killed, he explained to Vice magazine: "We have decided to live in Brooklyn because it's a place where we can grow. "Their apartment 318 East Williamsburg became a gathering place for artists and Iranian musicians.

"It was a small group of punk underground from Iran who was turning heads," explains Ali Salehezadeh their manager in an interview with Reuters. "They always said, 'If you want to get there, we must do so in New York,'" he relates. "But they have not been so lucky."

Adapted by Steven Jambot in Paris.

SYRIA: Friends of Syria want to unite the Syrian opposition to Geneva II

Tuesday, October 22nd, 2013

 

This is a crucial meeting. Friends of Syria meet Tuesday, October 22 in London to try to convince the Syrian that the future international conference in Geneva on political transition in Syria, scheduled for November 23 opposition is only possible way to achieve peace. The "Eleven of London" - Germany, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, United States, France, Britain, Italy, Jordan, Qatar and Turkey are particularly insist that the opposition has " united and strong. "

The exiled opponents of the Syrian National Coalition (CNS), the main interlocutors of the "Friends of Syria" will be represented by President Ahmad Jarba, elected in July, with particular Mostafa Sabbah his unfortunate opponent in the election, says does one Western diplomatic source. The delegation should represent a broad spectrum of the Coalition, "beyond the current leadership."

The political solution to end the crisis

After giving up military strikes against the regime of Bashar al-Assad and passed a resolution at the UN in late September providing for the removal of chemical weapons from Syria, proposed Moscow, Western and Arab countries now advocate "political solution" as the only way out of the crisis. It is the purpose of the Geneva-2.

Originally scheduled for June, was postponed due to differences over the fate of President Assad and the involvement of Iran. It should bring together leaders of the regime and the opposition to form a provisional government, with the full executive powers and defense, and to end a conflict that killed more than 115,000 died two and a half years.

On the British side, one does not wish to leave the regime of Bashar al-Assad appear to be the only possible alternative to the jihadist groups fighting on the ground and some of which are related to Al-Qaeda. The Coalition has spent too much time in internal discussions, the officials complain that note that, under the authority of Mr. Jarba, progress has been made.

"We hope that the opposition will united to the conference. It is important that it is united and strong to influence the outcome ", said Friday the spokesman of French Foreign Ministry Romain Nadal, hoping that the Coalition will" play a major role. " "For us, this is a legitimate political interlocutor. We work with them to prepare, "he has said.

The Syrian National Coalition sets conditions

To sit at the negotiating table in Switzerland, the Syrian National Coalition noted that the express condition was that "Bashar al-Assad and his clique in power no longer participate in the political life in Syria in the transition period and in the future. " A condition that Bashar al-Assad has already raised an objection of inadmissibility. In an interview Monday, October 21 at the TV station Al Mayadine, the Syrian president said his side he saw in his hand "no obstacle" , that it is seeking a new term in the presidential election still officially held in Syria in 2014.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said it will be difficult to deal Bashar al-Assad, bolstered by its recent military successes and the divisions more open in the opposition. In addition, on the ground, the Syrian National Coalition appears discredited after the defection in recent days 70 rebel groups in southern Syria.

With news

RWANDA: Attack against Habyarimana South Africa remains deaf to the requests of the French judge

Friday, October 18th, 2013

 

According to Radio France Internationale (RFI), the French anti-terrorism judge Marc Trévidic wrote in March 2012, a letter rogatory in order to examine the general Kayumba Nyamwasa on the circumstances of the attack on April 6, 1994 during which President Juvenal Habyarimana was killed.

According to informed sources, this commission was passed in April 2012 in the Chancery and sent a month later to the South African authorities have never given only , suite. 

In July, the former chief of staff of the Rwandan army, now in exile in South Africa, had told RFI hold information that may involve the current Rwandan President Paul Kagame in the attack and he was ready to talk to a French judge.

Read the article exclusive Sonia Rolley on the RFI website.

FRANCE: The French Parliament adopted narrowly draft pension reform

Tuesday, October 15th, 2013

 

The proposed pension reform Ayrault government, including key measures are progressive lengthening of the contribution period to 43 years and the introduction of a hardship account was voted Tuesday, October 15 at the National Assembly in the first reading. The bill "guarantees future and justice of the pension system" was adopted by 270 votes against 249. "We take the torch of social conquests past and we reconnect with the ambition of a cohesion model that forged the identity of our country," said Minister of Foreign Affairs social, Marisol Touraine.

But the allies of the Socialist Party have been lacking. Only the Socialist Group voted for this bill and did not fill up his troops with 17 of its members abstained. The absolute majority of 289 MPs is therefore not achieved, which is extremely rare for a text of this magnitude.

Described as a "historic mistake" reform

The Left Front has voted against an "anti-social" text, the UMP and also IDUs, for different reasons, accusing the government of "deceit" and "denial" with this re , as not returning including the legal age of retirement, maintained at 62 years.  

The formal vote in the Chamber took place while thousands of protesters in front of the Palais Bourbon in Paris and elsewhere in France, challenged again qualified reform "historic mistake."

The bill will then be discussed in the Senate on October 28, the government's goal is to permanently adopt the reform before the end of the year.

With news

The Nobel Peace Prize to the OPCW acclaimed even by Taliban

Saturday, October 12th, 2013

International reactions have increased since the award, Friday, October 11, the Nobel Peace Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). This award is especially welcomed by the Western powers, as it highlights the perilous work of the OPCW in Syria. This award also reinforces the process of dismantling , Lement the Syrian chemical arsenal, pursuant to a resolution of the Security Council of the UN. Thus, President Francois Hollande said that the price was a "consecration" for France. "The Nobel Prize is a dedication to all that France, not only France, has been engaged for several weeks to denounce the use of chemical weapons and dispose of in a near future, "said the head of state during a business visit to Nanterre. French President assured that Paris "fully supports the OPCW in its essential mission to destroy the Syrian arsenal." La France "will fully support its action, and the promotion of international cooperation in the peaceful uses of chemistry. " "A core mission," the U.S. side, Secretary of State John Kerry welcomed the decision, welcoming the "essential mission" , conducted by the organization in Syria, in order to eliminate chemical weapons. "The world will never forget the death of over a thousand innocent Syrians killed in a senseless attack with chemical weapons on 21 August," insisted John Kerry in a statement. The award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the OPCW reminder of the dangers of such weapons, said on his part the Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon. "This award comes almost 100 years after the first attack with chemical weapons, and 50 days after a shocking use of these weapons in Syria. Far from being relics of the past, chemical weapons are an obvious danger, and always far, "he said in a statement. This award has even reacted to Pakistan, where the Pakistani Taliban "rejoice" that the young activist for the right to education for women, Malala Yousafzai has not won the Nobel Peace Prize, said Friday their spokesman. The day before, they had denounced the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament to the girl in Swat, they had tried to kill, accusing him of "working against Islam

With news

AUSTRIA: Austrian Legislative: the ruling coalition threatened by the Greens and the extreme right

Monday, September 30th, 2013

 

Around 6.4 million Austrians vote Sunday, September 29 to elect 183 members of their National Council, the lower house of Parliament. The ruling coalition, consisting of the Social Democrats of the SPÖ and the conservative ÖVP, should be re-elected for five years, according to the latest polls which credits about 50% of the vote (28% to 22-23% for SPÖ and ÖVP).

But rushed on the left by the Greens and their right by two Eurosceptic parties, the two major training center should nevertheless reap the worst score in history. They could even beings forced to deal with a third party. Despite favorable economic performance, the two traditional allies pay the price of many corruption scandals and infighting that prevented the vote of some reforms, such as education.

Euroscepticism strength

The extreme right, represented by the FPÖ (Freedom Party) is credited with it 20% of the vote. The training promotes the breakup of the euro area and promises to improve pensions, to establish a minimum wage, while denouncing the bailout countries of southern Europe. Activists have for their FPÖ leader Heinz-Christian Strache, a cult of personality. "Love your neighbor. To me, it means our Austrians ", claim the campaign posters. Some members of the conservative party ÖVP would even be willing to ally with the FPÖ to create a right-wing coalition, however improbable, since a configuration would involve leaving the euro area.

At this traditional party adds a newcomer, the Austro-Canadian Frank Stronach, 81, and founder of the automotive supplier Magna. The billionaire has created a party in his name, hostile to the euro, immigration and Islam. Nearly 10% of voters would be willing to vote for it, so that despite the personal rivalry between Heinz-Christian Strache and Frank Stronach, an alliance between the two movements is not eurosceptic excluded.

To a coalition with the Greens?

The composition of the future coalition government would then depend on the scores of two small parties, the Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ) founded by the late Jörg Haider in a split the FPÖ in 2005, and the Neos Liberal Party. They are credited with nearly 4% of the vote.

If ever these formations are entering the National Council, the team led by the Social Democrat Werner Faymann could turn to the Greens to form a unique tripartite coalition in Austria. Environmentalists, credited with 15% of votes were in fact marked points in leading an anti-corruption campaign.

Preliminary official results will be available from 17:30 GMT.

With news

FRANCE: Syria: Hollande wait for the report of the UN inspectors

Saturday, September 7th, 2013

 

At the press conference held Friday, September 6 in St. Petersburg in closing the G20 summit, Hollande said that France would wait for the report of the inspectors of the UN and the vote of the U.S. Congress before any military action in Syria. Hollande said that Obama had assured him that the vote of the U.S. Congress, which must discuss the issue from September 9, intervene in the middle of next week.

The French president added that the UN report, however, relates only to the use of these weapons and would not identify those who have used them, while Paris and Washington say they have evidence the guilt of the regime of Bashar al-Assad. The UN inspectors have completed their mission last Saturday and is expected to report in a timely manner. "The sooner the better," said the French president.

The Head of State also requested that the Security Council of the UN to be part of a decision on intervention in Syria, but to die need a broad coalition would be formed.

"A dictator can not foresee everything"

The president acknowledged the existence of a disagreement on the G20 leaders to use chemical weapons in Syria, especially during the attack near Damascus against civilians 21 August. But Hollande assured that the position of France was "understood" by other European countries, which are mostly against a military option. The President assured that France was not "isolated," waving the statement signed by 11 countries attending the G20, calling for a "strong international response" ,. The signatories, including Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Spain and Turkey, providing clues that showed "clear" the responsibility of Bashar al-Assad in a chemical attack on August 21.

"If a proportionate response, limited, targeted should be decided, including France, she would not seek to overthrow the regime," pre Cise Francois Hollande. "Those who think they can make a political solution with a regime that massacre that gauze, […], leaving do, it will continue throughout the region, what I refuse me, "he further advanced.

Asked if advertised well in advance of military action against the regime of Bashar al-Assad will not allow him to escape, Hollande said: "A dictator can not predict everything. "

With news