Posts Tagged ‘economics’

EDUCATION: Ranking Pisa: the Champion Education inequality

Tuesday, December 3rd, 2013


The poor performance of France in 2012 ranked Pisa (Programme for International Student Assessment) of the OECD are not a surprise. "You'll see in December, we will have new studies Pisa. France wins totally in the performance of his students. Over ten years, it becomes dramatic, "had advanced the Minister of Education, Vincent Peillon, October 10, on the set of Grand Journal de Canal Plus.

The Minister was right. In the new edition, published Tuesday, December 3, the classification that assesses the skills of 15 years in the areas of reading, mathematics and science, France was , demoted to 25th place of the 65 participating countries or economies.

Increasingly inequality

In the previous Pisa in 2009, in which 75 countries and economies participated, France then occupied the 22nd place in the overall ranking, not far from Germany, which now leads to 16th. 

The "performance" of French students in mathematics decreased notably 16 points between 2003 (511) and 2012 (495), which passed the nine countries France whose performance is higher than the OECD average for countries whose performance is in the average of the OECD.

More alarming, the French education system favor the gap between "very good" and "very bad" students. "In France, the system Education is more unequal than it was nine years ago. In other words, when you belong to a disadvantaged background, today there is less chance of success in France in 2003, "the study says. In addition, according to the OECD, students from immigrant families are at least twice more likely to fail at school in France.

Left and right, we refer the death poor performance responsibility. Laurent Wauquier former UMP minister of Higher Education, there are two reasons to downgrade France. "First, we try to treat all children in exactly the same way. […] The results of single college made the massacre and those we need to stimulate and those that need support. " Then "dropping takes place today in France especially at the primary level," said he said Tuesday on BFMTV and RMC.

"The education bill 10 years right"

The former UMP minister of Education Luc Chatel has also scathing against the Ayrault government. "When teachers are selected at a higher level requirement was better results. The government is doing the opposite: the last competition to recruit 60,000 additional posts, we lowered the bar was recruited students 8/20, "Has he said on France 2.

"The criticism Tuesday by Luc Chatel against the current government are perfectly intolerable and displaced under bankruptcy […]", do you reply to the Party socialist. "France has received the education bill 10 years in power right. The results of our education system, assessed by the Pisa test between 2009 and May 2012, show how the majority has abandoned the previous e education, "said the PS in a statement.

Vincent Peillon, who called the results "disturbing" and "unacceptable," but wanted to keep his optimism. "The time has come to gather around […] of our teachers", "our school has significant strengths" and results "remain positive", has he found requesting that "we do not fall into lamentation."

With AFP and Reuters

PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES: Amal Haniyeh, the granddaughter of the leader of Hamas in Gaza, hospitalized in Israel

Wednesday, November 20th, 2013


The granddaughter of Ismail Haniyeh, the head of the Hamas government in Gaza, was hospitalized on Monday, 18 November, Israel in critical condition, told AFP several Palestinian sources.

The Israeli military administration, questioned on the subject, assured that it was not informed of the transfer for medical reasons.

"Beloved brothers, Amal crossed the Green Line [the border with Israel, Ed] now, and I ask God to grant him health," said , Sunday, son of Ismail Haniyeh, Abdessalam Haniyeh on his Facebook page. 

State of clinical death

"I ask God to grant health to my daughter Amal, entering a state of clinical death," he added in another message Monday afternoon.

Amal Haniyeh, one year old, is a severe infection of the digestive system, which reached its nervous system, specify medical sources in Gaza.

On social networks, snapshots show Ismail Haniyeh, whose movement does not recognize Israel, visiting her granddaughter at Children's Hospital "Al Nasser "in Gaza before his transfer to Israel. 

Despite the non-recognition of the Jewish state by Hamas, thousands of Gazans are allowed each year to cross the border to bene , acquirable care in Israel, reveal statistics published by the World Health Organization (WHO).

With headlines (AFP)

A victory not so easy to Michelle Bachelet

Saturday, November 16th, 2013


In his last campaign rally in Santiago Thursday, Michelle Bachelet danced cumbia, mambo and hummed songs of historical Chilean left. An atmosphere worthy of a victory tonight as the former president … [2006 - 2010] seems assured of a return to the palace of La Moneda, the outcome of the election presidential election, the first round will be held Sunday, November 17.

Four years after leaving the reins of the country-party center-right National Renovation (RN) Sebastián Piñera, Michelle Bachelet, 62, enjoys a popularity , indisputable, which exceeds that of Nueva Mayoría [New Majority], the coalition of the left which she defends the colors. According to the Institute CEP, it inherits 47% of the vote, far ahead of the candidate of the right Evelyn Matthei, supported by Alianza, credited as 14%. Some studies even predict his victory in the first round …

"The mother of all Chileans"

Chileans have never stopped plebiscite that they have dubbed the "mother of all Chileans" for his spontaneity and natural touch. The first woman president in the country's history has left office with a peak popularity more than 80%, but could not imagine in 2010 for a second consecutive term, according to the Chilean Constitution. Michelle Bachelet was then flown to New York to head UN Women, an organization that defends the rights of women worldwide.

During the past three years, Chileans have continued to watch his back, highly publicized in March. Strengthened by its international stature, the new candidate is then told ready to "take the challenge" of another term, by giving priority to "overcome ined Galite in Chile. "

Over the past twenty years, the country has experienced a period of growth and prosperity, fueled by the extraction of copper, has risen to the ranks of developed countries. But his rise was accompanied by an unequal distribution of wealth.  

Reduce inequalities Protests have increased in the country under the mandate Piñera to require changes in the economic and political model: students demanding free education , workers demanding reforms to the Labour Code and a better wage. Officials, such as postal workers or garbage collectors have even launched strikes to pressure the government a few days before the election.

For now, only the program Michelle Bachelet seems to meet all these expectations. On the social level, the candidate promised to reform higher education, providing free , and putting an end to private schools, but also to open kindergartens and schools. To achieve this, it will allocate annually 1.5 to 2% of GDP.

In terms of health, the applicant, a doctor by training, plans to legalize abortion in cases of rape or risk to the mother or the unborn child - a practice totally banned in several countries in Latin America. It also promises four billion dollars for the construction of new hospitals, clinics and physician recruitment. And further agrees to open a national debate on the right to gay marriage.

On the fiscal side, she wants to gradually increase the tax on companies with 20 to 25% and end the Fondo de Utilidades Tributables (FUT), a mechanism that allows some companies to re reduce their tax bill. It also intends to terminate the opportunity for companies to defer indefinitely the payment of tax on reinvested profits, a measure adopted in 1984 under Pinochet.

Constitutional reform, but if the voice seems wide open for access to the presidency, paths lead to the various reforms ahead sown institutional barriers, as it was the case for Sebastian Piñera.

At issue: the de1980 Constitution, in force since the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. If it has been amended several times, the text remains unchanged, including the electoral system, which does not favor the party out on top. C ' Therefore, the revision of the Constitution has become a major theme of the campaign, offered by almost all new candidates. To achieve this, some propose to go through a constituent assembly, while Michelle Bachelet prefer consider parliamentary channels.

In this case, the favorite of the election requires a two-thirds majority in both Houses of Parliament. But all observers agree that this challenge is far from won. Aware of the issue, the daughter of General Bachelet, died in custody during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), focused on mobilizing voters, both Presidential the laws, which take place on the same day, "because I need a Congress able to take the plunge for the changes Chile a need, "she warned.

SPY: Listening Merkel: Snowden prepared to testify from Russia

Saturday, November 2nd, 2013


In the case of listening to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Edward Snowden could be heard in Russia, but former U.S. intelligence refugee consultant in Russia prefer testify before Congress in the United States, announced Friday, November 1 lawyer and a German MEP.

Wanted by Washington after his revelations about the National Security Agency (NSA) for which he worked, Edward Snowden can not go to Germany for fear of losing his refugee status, but can testify without leaving Russia, told his Russian lawyer Anatoly Koutcherena. 

Berlin "ready to listen Snowden"

"Under international agreements, Snowden may testify in Russia, but the German authorities to decide. Snowden did not go to Germany. This is impossible because it does not have the right to cross the Russian border. If he does, he may lose his refugee status, "said the lawyer in the Echo of Moscow radio.

His revelations have provoked strong reactions in Europe, especially in Germany, where information about the alleged spy cell phone Chancellor Angela Merkel came as a shock.

Following his meeting with U.S. fugitive in Russia, in an undisclosed location, the German MEP Hans-Christian Ströbele told Berlin that the launcher preferred alert rerait testify before the U.S. Congress. But the American has also expressed willingness to testify before the German parliament, according Ströbele. Berlin said he was "willing to listen" Snowden said for its part, the German Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich.

"The U.S. government will cease its harmful behavior"

Office Ströbele released Friday a photo of his meeting with Snowden and added that the American had forwarded a letter to the German government, the Bundestag (lower house of the German Parliament) and parquet. "I am confident that with the support of the international community, the U.S. government cease its harmful behavior (to me)," he has written in this letter. "I look forward to speaking with you in your country when the situation will be resolved, has he added.

Interviewed by the first German television channel ARD, the deputy Ströbele said the American had "showed that he knew a lot […]. It is ready in principle to help clear "business, has he added.

"The meeting went well," observed the Russian lawyer stating that the German deputy asked if he could Snowden including "witness" ,. espionage in an alleged mobile phone Angela Merkel "It's Putin to decide"

Snowden "is ready to cooperate with everyone, you see, there is no prohibition. It is itself decides who to contact and when, "the lawyer added, quoted by the Interfax news agency.

"It's Putin to decide"

The Kremlin declined to comment Friday, though Putin was asked in the past as long as Edward Snowden continues his revelations could "harm the United States" and if he remained in Russia. "It is not a matter for the Kremlin," said the spokesman of the President, Dmitry Peskov.

Questioned by AFP, the independent analyst Pavel Felgenhauer, for his part felt that the U.S. was under the control of fugitive Russian special services and its flexibility was limited e by the Kremlin. "It's Putin to decide what Snowden has the right to say. He asked to Snowden as long as they do not harm America, but there is that Putin knows what the parameters are, "he says.

According to his lawyer, Edward Snowden has adapted to life in Russia, he goes to the museum and the theater, and found work in Russia must deal from Friday a recognized website, whose name was not revealed.

In an interview with German daily Sueddeutsche Zeitung published Saturday, Mr. Snowden said he did not regret making his revelations, while conceding that which cost him more in his current situation was "not to have regular contact with his family and loved ones."

With news

GUINEA: Parliamentary elections postponed to 28 September in Guinea

Monday, September 23rd, 2013


The parliamentary elections in Guinea Tuesday were postponed to September 28 to allow to make "adjustments" after consultations with the political class Guinea, announced Saturday night a UN official.

The announcement was made at a press conference in the capital, Conakry, by Djinnit, Special Representative of the Secretary General of the UN for Africa west. Also present were leaders of the opposition, including former prime ministers Diallo and Sidya Toure, and the presidential majority, which Saloum Cisse and Kiridi Bangoura.  

The decision was welcomed in the room with applause and shouts of joy, a sign of easing the situation as a few hours earlier, majority and opposition were divided on the question of a postponement.

At the end of "consultations" between the Guinean politicians and representatives of the international community, including the UN, "it was agreed that an exceptional period of four days is given to the INEC (Independent National Electoral Commission) to make final adjustments before the vote, "said Mr. Djinnit also "facilitator" international in this case.

"On behalf of the facilitator and the international community, I am pleased to announce the Guinean and Guinean that all stakeholders in the electoral process have endorsed this commitment. We are convinced that this agreement, nothing can hinder the holding of parliamentary elections in conditions free, transparent, and inclusive Saturday, September 28, 2013 in Guinea and abroad " has he said.

He urged "all relevant national authorities to take the steps necessary for the immediate implementation of this agreement."


UNITED STATES: Vote on Syria: Republican leaders line up behind Obama

Wednesday, September 4th, 2013


Senior Republican leaders of Congress have made Tuesday, Sept. 3 a decisive political support for Barack Obama expressing support for military intervention in Syria, thus boosting the confidence of pre President of the rapid achievement of a parliamentary green light.

After the support of influential Republican Senator John McCain, Barack Obama, in fact, obtained Tuesday supporting the Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives, John Boehner. Eric Cantor, another tenor of the meeting dominated by Republicans, was also in favor of a military operation in Syria. "The United States should respond"

Speaking to the press after a meeting with the U.S. President at the White House, John Boehner said that the United States should respond. "This is something that the United States, as a country, have to," explained Republican. "We also have allies in the world and in the region who need to know that America is there when necessary," he added.

This key support should increase the momentum for a parliamentary resolution authorizing the use of force against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, at a time when many members of Republicans have indicated their intention to vote against.

Confident about the chances of success of a resolution authorizing the use of force in Syria in Parliament, Barack Obama expressed his gratitude to his political opponents. "I appreciate everyone here has begun to schedule hearings and provides to vote as soon as all the Congress will be back at the beginning of next week," Obama said.

"This represents a serious risk to the national security of the United States and other countries of the region." And to clarify, "accordingly, Asssad and Syria accountable" while warning that any operation would be "limited" and "proportional" without deployment ground troops.

With news

LIBYA: In Libya, anger is brewing against political parties after a series of murders

Saturday, July 27th, 2013


There is anger in Libya where thousands of people marched Saturday, July 27 against the political parties and the Muslim Brotherhood in particular, accused of being responsible for the instability in the country. These events, which came a day after a series of assassinations that targeted including anti-Islamist militant, was marred by acts of vandalism against the premises of two main parties, the ruling Justice and construction (PJC), the political arm of the Libyan Muslim Brotherhood, and its rival the Alliance of National Forces (AFN, liberal).

In Benghazi (east), birthplace of the revolt that toppled the regime of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, young protesters stormed and ransacked the premises of the PJC. During the night, several hundred people were protesting against the killing shot Friday lawyer and anti-Islamist political activist Abdessalem al-Mesmari and two army officers. The protesters accuse the Islamists of being behind the assassination of al-Mesmari Abdessalem, who regularly intervened on television to denounce armed militias and to flaunt its hostility to the Muslim Brotherhood, such as those described for the revolt dozens of officers, particularly in Benghazi. "Solidarity with Benghazi" in the capital Tripoli, hundreds of people gathered tô , t Saturday in the heart of the capital in "solidarity with Benghazi" and against the Muslim Brotherhood. Slogans were also chanted against the AFN, winner of the elections of July 2012. Chanting "the blood of martyrs was not shed in vain," the protesters converged on Martyrs' Square as they left mosques after prayers of dawn. A little later, a hundred young people went to the local PJC, in the neighborhood of Ben Achour, where they ransacked offices and smashed the windows of the building. The headquarters of the AFN in Hay al-Andalus was also ransacked . "We want the dissolution of all parties. They are the cause of all our problems. We must adopt a Constitution and a law organizing political life before allowing parties to exercise, "he told Ahmed Trabelsi, a protester told AFP. The protesters believe that political rivalries prevent the stabilization of the country, where weapons abound and where and the PJC and the AFN are also accused of manipulating the armed militias that serve their interests and prevent the formation of a professional army and police. With despatches

THE FRANCE 24 INTERVIEW: Thein Sein: "There is no ethnic cleansing in Burma"

Saturday, July 20th, 2013


In an exclusive interview with FRANCE 24, Burmese President Thein Sein has denied reports that communal violence between Buddhists and Muslims in Burma had soured in recent months to the point of represent an "ethnic cleansing".

"This is information made from scratch, it is a smear operation conducted against the government," insisted the head of state, the first Burmese president to visit France. "Contrary to what is said, the government was able to contain the violence and the situation is back to normal in the country."

Organizations defending human rights strongly denounce the repression exercised against Muslims in Burma, in particular against the stateless Rohingya minority, a community considered the most persecuted in the world. The European Parliament has called on June 13 to the end of "persecution" against the Muslims, citing arrests, arbitrary detention, torture, rape, destruction of property or places worship.

"Less than 100 political prisoners in Burma"

Asked about the release of political prisoners, announced Monday, July 15 during a visit to London, Thein Sein said that since his election in 2011, thousands of prisoners were recovered freedom. "I think now there are less than 100 political prisoners in the country. If they are because of their belief or political position, then they will be released, "he promised.

A position which illustrates the transition to democracy that Thein Sein meant to embody. The President has also initiated reforms since coming to power. But the international community, these reforms could be hampered by the military, present in the Burmese Parliament. A fear that Thein Sein responded by ensuring that the military posed no threat. "The soldiers obey orders. They resist any change due to the democratic process, "said one who has himself been a senior member of the military in the past. The military junta in power in Burma for more than 20 years, has officially left the place in 2011 to civilian rule, after a rigged election by the international community.

As for the future presidential election to be held in 2015, the president finally said he had nothing to say on the potential application of the Nobel Peace Aung San Suu Kyi , released in 2010 Burmese jails. Thein Sein also ensures failing personally prepared for this election.

The Maintenance of France 24 FRANCE 24 Asia Aung San Suu Kyi Burma Thein Sein

JUSTICE: George Zimmerman found not guilty of the murder of Trayvon Martin in Florida

Sunday, July 14th, 2013


It is a verdict that could raise tensions. George Zimmerman was tried, Saturday, July 13, not guilty of the murder of Trayvon Martin, a black 17 year old shot and killed last year in Florida, whose death has revived the debate on racism and gun control. The jury of six women deliberated more than 16 hours before deciding to 22h (2h GMT Sunday).

George Zimmerman, which was punishable by life imprisonment, remained marble to the verdict before a smile of relief, while his parents hugged and his wife founded into tears. "I think the trial of George Zimmerman was outrageous," said his lawyer Don West. "I'm happy for George Zimmerman, but I'm also excited that the jury made sure that this tragedy does not turn to parody," he added.


The verdict, however, sparked outrage among the dozens of people came to express their support for the victim's parents in court Sanford. However, they did not attend the hearing. "Although my heart is broken, my faith is intact. Together, we can ensure that this does not happen again, "he wrote his father by Tracy Martin on Twitter now.

The Hispanic and 29 years old original defendant said he was attacked by Trayvon Martin, who was unarmed at the time. For the floor, George Zimmerman, volunteer vigil in his neighborhood who believed himself invested with an official mission, was chased and shot without justification.

He could be convicted of murder without premeditation, but the jury has therefore retained no charges. "Today, justice has betrayed Trayvon Martin and his family," indignant Roslyn Brock, president of the National Association of Colored People, said in a statement.


"We immediately invited the Justice Department to conduct an investigation into civil rights violations committed against Trayvon Martin. This case has given new impetus to the movement to end racial profiling in the United States, "she adds.

"Avoid violence, it would lead to further tragedies. Find a way to build, not destroy you in this time of despair, "he wrote on his Pastor Jesse Jackson, civil rights activist, on Twitter.

It happened February 26, 2012 in Sanford has not been the subject of a brief in the local newspaper if the police had immediately proceeded to arrest George Zimmerman.

Believing that he had acted in self-defense, the police have arrested a month and a half after the death of Trayvon Martin, which gave place in large demonstrations across the country. 

No trouble reported at this time Barack Obama has even commented on the case, which led to the resignation of the police chief of Sanford and attracted the attention of the Department of justice in this town of 54,000 souls neighboring Disney World in Orlando.

Bernie the Rionda, the prosecutor handling the case, and his two deputies have expressed "disappointment" with the outcome of the trial. "But we accept it. We live in a great country with a great judicial system. It is not perfect, but it is the best in the world and we respect the jury's verdict, "he said.

According to the Seminole County Sheriff, no trouble was reported in Sanford, whose population is 30% black.

With news

FOOTBALL: Blueberries in the final of World Cup Under 20 years

Thursday, July 11th, 2013


The France team under 20 years accessed for the first time in the World Cup final in his age category, beating Ghana 2-1 with and a doubling of Florian Thauvin Wednesday in Bursa, and is just one step of a historic success for the tricolor football.

"Generation 93" has succeeded where all its glorious predecessors had failed and have been faithful to the rendezvous before his arrival e in Turkey. It now remains for him to get rid Saturday in Istanbul, the winner of the other semifinal between Uruguay and Iraq to enter his name in the history and add to the showcase the French Football Federation the only trophy still missing men.

Blueberries, jostled by a Ghanaian training they dominated the first round (3-1) were able to make a difference on two personal exploits Thauvin (43rd, 74th, 2nd and third goals of the tournament), canceling the Assifuah equalization (47th). But big blow: they will happen in the final defender Samuel Umtiti, warned twice and expelled late in the game (80th).

Criticized after the first phase more than sluggish, even disturbing (1 win, 1 draw, 1 defeat), France and brilliant individuals have suddenly awakened es to show up to their rank, with a nice breath of fresh air to a French football in the trough of the wave from the misadventures of A in the qualifications of the World-2014 and during the recent tour of South America, signed by two stinging defeats against Uruguay (1-0) and Brazil (3-0). 

After Turkey (4-1) and Uzbekistan (4-0), Ghanaians, deprived of their central hinge Attamah-Lartey and attacking midfielder Odjer, could do nothing against , the French machine that not much seems to deviate from its goal to leave Turkey with the supreme title.

A coronation would have the appearance of a bright contrast to Pierre Mankowski, who FFF refused to continue the adventure with "Generation 93", entrusting the fate of Willy Hopes sagnol.  The hero Thauvin

From the beginning of the match, the difference of class and talent was clearly visible between the two teams, France is providing several opportunities including a shot against the post Bahebeck ( 6) while the defense, especially the solid hinge Zouma-Umtiti, did not leave the poor Ghanaian attackers breathe.

But the African team proved in the eighth and quarter-final unsuspected mental resources that blueberries may have a bit undervalued, making himself surprise after the break with a shot beautiful Assifuah (47), author of the fifth embodiment in this World Cup. 

The provision of any captain Paul Pogba has not helped Blueberries, which could drink the cup without two decisive Alphonse Areola parades on a free kick Acheampong (49th) and a head 'Anaba (51).

As for the other leader-between game, Geoffrey Kondogbia, he quickly seemed dull and physically did not have his usual influence.

It did not count on Florian Thauvin, the hero of the semi-final. Lethargic in the first match, the French striker has proved by his double and acceleration he had regained all his senses at the right time. Saturday, Blueberries have great need of his services to definitely go down in history.