Posts Tagged ‘political’

ENVIRONMENT: "historic" agreement between Palestinians and Israelis to save the Dead Sea

Wednesday, December 11th, 2013

 

It never ceases to fall. Each year, the Dead Sea sees its lower level of one meter. Old bathing facilities are now far from the shore. At this rate the Dead Sea has completely disappeared in 2050.

To save her, a historic agreement was signed Monday, Dec. 9 in Washington between Israel, the Palestinian Authority and Jordan. The project is to pump salt water in the Red Sea and the Dead Sea route. Objective: 200 million cubic meters per year. "We had a report in 2012 which considered that it was feasible, but now that we have the agreement, there remains the problem of funding. Who will be the main donor? We do not know yet, "raises Pierre Berthelot, scholar of water.

Strong symbol

Another part of the project, the construction of a desalination plant in Aqaba, in southern Jordan. The agreement, obtained after eleven years of negotiations, will allow a better distribution of water in the region. But it is also a powerful symbol. The Palestinians and Israelis who find common ground.

"This agreement was signed with the blessing of Prime Minister Netanyahu but also that I know by King Abdullah and President Abbas. They show us that when leaders really want to reach an agreement that is possible to achieve, "said Silvan Shalom, Israel's Minister of Water and Energy. His Palestinian counterpart, Shaddad Attili, also welcomed the news. "We showed that we could work together in spite of our political problems," he said, at a time when Palestinians and Israelis are trying to revive the process peace under the aegis of the United States.

Environmental threats

Israela agreed to sell 20 to 30 million cubic meters of desalinated water each additional year to the Palestinian Authority. The latter accused the Hebrew aggravate shortages State.

Several environmental advocacy organizations have warned against the possible adverse effects of the arrival of water from the Red Sea on the fragile ecosystem of the Dead Sea .

With AFP

EDUCATION: Ranking Pisa: the Champion Education inequality

Tuesday, December 3rd, 2013

 

The poor performance of France in 2012 ranked Pisa (Programme for International Student Assessment) of the OECD are not a surprise. "You'll see in December, we will have new studies Pisa. France wins totally in the performance of his students. Over ten years, it becomes dramatic, "had advanced the Minister of Education, Vincent Peillon, October 10, on the set of Grand Journal de Canal Plus.

The Minister was right. In the new edition, published Tuesday, December 3, the classification that assesses the skills of 15 years in the areas of reading, mathematics and science, France was , demoted to 25th place of the 65 participating countries or economies.

Increasingly inequality

In the previous Pisa in 2009, in which 75 countries and economies participated, France then occupied the 22nd place in the overall ranking, not far from Germany, which now leads to 16th. 

The "performance" of French students in mathematics decreased notably 16 points between 2003 (511) and 2012 (495), which passed the nine countries France whose performance is higher than the OECD average for countries whose performance is in the average of the OECD.

More alarming, the French education system favor the gap between "very good" and "very bad" students. "In France, the system Education is more unequal than it was nine years ago. In other words, when you belong to a disadvantaged background, today there is less chance of success in France in 2003, "the study says. In addition, according to the OECD, students from immigrant families are at least twice more likely to fail at school in France.

Left and right, we refer the death poor performance responsibility. Laurent Wauquier former UMP minister of Higher Education, there are two reasons to downgrade France. "First, we try to treat all children in exactly the same way. […] The results of single college made the massacre and those we need to stimulate and those that need support. " Then "dropping takes place today in France especially at the primary level," said he said Tuesday on BFMTV and RMC.

"The education bill 10 years right"

The former UMP minister of Education Luc Chatel has also scathing against the Ayrault government. "When teachers are selected at a higher level requirement was better results. The government is doing the opposite: the last competition to recruit 60,000 additional posts, we lowered the bar was recruited students 8/20, "Has he said on France 2.

"The criticism Tuesday by Luc Chatel against the current government are perfectly intolerable and displaced under bankruptcy […]", do you reply to the Party socialist. "France has received the education bill 10 years in power right. The results of our education system, assessed by the Pisa test between 2009 and May 2012, show how the majority has abandoned the previous e education, "said the PS in a statement.

Vincent Peillon, who called the results "disturbing" and "unacceptable," but wanted to keep his optimism. "The time has come to gather around […] of our teachers", "our school has significant strengths" and results "remain positive", has he found requesting that "we do not fall into lamentation."

With AFP and Reuters

A victory not so easy to Michelle Bachelet

Saturday, November 16th, 2013

 

In his last campaign rally in Santiago Thursday, Michelle Bachelet danced cumbia, mambo and hummed songs of historical Chilean left. An atmosphere worthy of a victory tonight as the former president … [2006 - 2010] seems assured of a return to the palace of La Moneda, the outcome of the election presidential election, the first round will be held Sunday, November 17.

Four years after leaving the reins of the country-party center-right National Renovation (RN) Sebastián Piñera, Michelle Bachelet, 62, enjoys a popularity , indisputable, which exceeds that of Nueva Mayoría [New Majority], the coalition of the left which she defends the colors. According to the Institute CEP, it inherits 47% of the vote, far ahead of the candidate of the right Evelyn Matthei, supported by Alianza, credited as 14%. Some studies even predict his victory in the first round …

"The mother of all Chileans"

Chileans have never stopped plebiscite that they have dubbed the "mother of all Chileans" for his spontaneity and natural touch. The first woman president in the country's history has left office with a peak popularity more than 80%, but could not imagine in 2010 for a second consecutive term, according to the Chilean Constitution. Michelle Bachelet was then flown to New York to head UN Women, an organization that defends the rights of women worldwide.

During the past three years, Chileans have continued to watch his back, highly publicized in March. Strengthened by its international stature, the new candidate is then told ready to "take the challenge" of another term, by giving priority to "overcome ined Galite in Chile. "

Over the past twenty years, the country has experienced a period of growth and prosperity, fueled by the extraction of copper, has risen to the ranks of developed countries. But his rise was accompanied by an unequal distribution of wealth.  

Reduce inequalities Protests have increased in the country under the mandate Piñera to require changes in the economic and political model: students demanding free education , workers demanding reforms to the Labour Code and a better wage. Officials, such as postal workers or garbage collectors have even launched strikes to pressure the government a few days before the election.

For now, only the program Michelle Bachelet seems to meet all these expectations. On the social level, the candidate promised to reform higher education, providing free , and putting an end to private schools, but also to open kindergartens and schools. To achieve this, it will allocate annually 1.5 to 2% of GDP.

In terms of health, the applicant, a doctor by training, plans to legalize abortion in cases of rape or risk to the mother or the unborn child - a practice totally banned in several countries in Latin America. It also promises four billion dollars for the construction of new hospitals, clinics and physician recruitment. And further agrees to open a national debate on the right to gay marriage.

On the fiscal side, she wants to gradually increase the tax on companies with 20 to 25% and end the Fondo de Utilidades Tributables (FUT), a mechanism that allows some companies to re reduce their tax bill. It also intends to terminate the opportunity for companies to defer indefinitely the payment of tax on reinvested profits, a measure adopted in 1984 under Pinochet.

Constitutional reform, but if the voice seems wide open for access to the presidency, paths lead to the various reforms ahead sown institutional barriers, as it was the case for Sebastian Piñera.

At issue: the de1980 Constitution, in force since the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. If it has been amended several times, the text remains unchanged, including the electoral system, which does not favor the party out on top. C ' Therefore, the revision of the Constitution has become a major theme of the campaign, offered by almost all new candidates. To achieve this, some propose to go through a constituent assembly, while Michelle Bachelet prefer consider parliamentary channels.

In this case, the favorite of the election requires a two-thirds majority in both Houses of Parliament. But all observers agree that this challenge is far from won. Aware of the issue, the daughter of General Bachelet, died in custody during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), focused on mobilizing voters, both Presidential the laws, which take place on the same day, "because I need a Congress able to take the plunge for the changes Chile a need, "she warned.

The dream of "Yellow Dogs" Iranian murdered in Brooklyn

Wednesday, November 13th, 2013

 

They fled Iran to go after their dream rock. Invited in 2010 by the SXSW festival in Texas, the Soroush and Arash Farazmand (guitarist and drummer respectively) brothers had decided not to return home. The musicians had sought asylum in the United States and began to make a name in the grunge bars in Brooklyn.

In Iran, where rock is an "illegal activity" deemed contrary to religion, Yellow Dogs [Yellow Dog Ed] occurred in garages and basements for underground concerts . But the United States, post-punk their sound weird and exotic words were warmly welcomed. Prominently in Rolling Stone, they were invited to play all over the country with the other two members of their group: Siavash Karampour singer and bassist Koory Mirz. There are three weeks, the entire group produced the famous Brooklyn Bowl. On its website, the club described the Yellow Dogs as a "roaring life, spirit, tension and imagination" group.

Monday, November 11th in the morning, the two brothers were found dead, shot to death, along with their roommate and Iranian musician and songwriter Ali Eskandarian, 35. Their killer, Ali Akbar Mohammadi Rafie, a former member of another Iranian group, the Free Keys, has committed suicide shortly after the incident.

Shot dead in their apartment

According to the spokesman for the police, John J. McCarthy, interviewed by the New York Times, Rafie accessed the apartment through the roof. He had placed his gun in a guitar case. It was first shot Ali Eskandarian through a lounge window. Then in the chest Soroush, 27, who was lying in bed. Then came the turn of Arash, 28, shot in the head while he was on his computer.

Another resident of the apartment, the Iranian street-artist Sasan Sadeghpourosko, was shot twice in the shoulder and elbow, but survived. Rafie smashed the door of another apartment in the building, finding himself born in born with Pooya Hosseini, also a musician. The latter fought with him and escaped unharmed. Rafie is then returned to the roof of the building where he was shot in the head.

Salehezadeh Ali, who was the manager of the group and lived in the same block, told Reuters they had cut off contact with Rafie after he e , ty excluded Free Keys for stealing money. "When he was fired from his own group, we almost severed all ties with him. We were not really friends with him, "said Ali Salehezadeh in a telephone interview from Brazil. Himself had trouble finding a possible motive for the killings. "I do not know if it is right for them, for us, or for revenge because a member of the Free Keys live with us."

"Good boys"

Bassist and singer Koory Mirz Siavash Karampour were not there at the time of the attack. Monday, they posted a message on the group's Facebook page to announce the news, thanking their fans for the many messages of condolence still kept coming Tuesday.

Brian Kiernan Devine Jr., a member of a film crew who made a documentary about the group, said he was "shattered" by the news. "This is the youth group of the warmest, sincere and idealistic we had the chance to know artists. They managed to escape from Iran, were granted political asylum in New York to pursue their creative dreams (…) All this to be slaughtered in their beds. It is incomprehensible. This is madness. "

Yanira Lantigua, cashier of a local grocery store where young people would do their errands, calls "lovely and quiet boys who have never had a cross word." Monday, around 1 am, she heard the police helicopters flying over the area. It made him a shock to learn that she knew the victims. "They came to buy sandwiches and coffee as recently as a few days ago," she tells FRANCE 24. "The brothers were inseparable. They were really good boys. "

Alireza Tabiban an Iranian expatriate based in Austin, Texas, who had met and had seen them twice in concert, describes them as "very cool boys who just wanted to play their music and have fun. "He added that his family and friends in Tehran would be horrified by the details of this story. "There are not many murders by firearms [in Iran], since it is illegal to possess weapons," he told FRANCE 24. Mehdi Saharkhiz, an Observer FRANCE 24 who met the group in 2010 and spoke of them with passion, tweeted Monday: "This is hell. I still can not believe it. "

Slaughtered on the rise

The Yellow Dogs had built a solid fan club in the United States and beyond. The last member of the group to be granted asylum in the United States had received his papers there are only a few months. The rockers were planning a tour of Europe and Turkey, where they hoped to happen to their family and friends. "Our parents have never seen us play!" Confided Soroush Farazmand in April 2012 in an interview with eMusic.

Before leaving Iran, the group formed in 2006 in Tehran appeared in a documentary about the underground music scene of the Iranian capital, "Persian Cats". The film won the Special Jury Prize at Cannes in 2009. That same year, in a CNN report, Siavash Karampour judged its affiliates as "closer than [his] brothers."

In the last interview that Soroush Farazmand gave before being killed, he explained to Vice magazine: "We have decided to live in Brooklyn because it's a place where we can grow. "Their apartment 318 East Williamsburg became a gathering place for artists and Iranian musicians.

"It was a small group of punk underground from Iran who was turning heads," explains Ali Salehezadeh their manager in an interview with Reuters. "They always said, 'If you want to get there, we must do so in New York,'" he relates. "But they have not been so lucky."

Adapted by Steven Jambot in Paris.

SAUDI ARABIA: Women Driving: Saudi women to run the emancipation

Friday, October 25th, 2013

 

"Driving is a choice." Behind this lies a banal slogan fight is far from it: the Saudi militant million for the right to drive. The women are so called Wahhabi kingdom, Saturday, Oct. 26, to drive to challenge the political and religious authorities of the country in the world where they are deprived of this right.

"On October 26, the women in Saudi Arabia say they are determined (…) and that this issue must be resolved," he told AFP Manal Al Sharif icon Women movement to drive for two years now. On 17 May 2011, the Saudi 32 years, computer consultant, was posting a YouTube video of her driving a car. This weapon is earned him taste the Saudi jails for nine days and revive an old fight over 20 years.

It all began in November 1990, during the war in the Gulf. While women of the U.S. military lead on military bases in the kingdom, 47 Saudi decided to organize a convoy through the streets of Riyadh, said CNN. Immediately arrested, some even lose their job. In a country steeped in patriarchal and religious traditions, Islam is then waved to give a societal taboo law. In 1991, the Grand Mufti of the Kingdom and issues a fatwa prohibiting women from driving. The reason? Leave them alone in vehicles must lead to the "diversity" and thus the "social chaos."

"The fact that a woman driving a car is a source of many evils and unfortunate consequences. This leads in particular to meet men when they are not on their guard. This encourages them to commit grave sins, because where such activity is prohibited, "asserted while Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Abdullah bin Baz, the Washington Post reports. Following the recommendations of the highest religious authority, Prince Naif bin Abdulaziz Al Saud al-then Minister of the Interior issues a decree endorsing the fatwa. Women's driving becomes illegal.

A promising mobilization

On the eve of the operation "driving is a choice," the mobilization is already waiting for you. "More than 50 videos showing women being drive" have been uploaded since the launch of the campaign on social networks, said Manal Al Sharif, who now lives in Dubai ,. An online petition launched in early September collected 16,000 signatures before being blocked two weeks later, said the Middle East Online website.

Saturday, October 26, no parade of women driving is expected, the law banning any gathering. Each activist who received the precious abroad is invited to drive individually and post photos and videos on social networks.

Faced with the unprecedented media coverage of the movement, a hundred religious has already Risposte gathering in front of the royal palace in Jeddah on Tuesday 22 October. Last month, the Conservative Sheikh Saleh al-Luhaydan protested by advancing either religious arguments but pseudo-medical. "The conduct automatically affects the ovaries and pelvis back, he has advanced the sabq.org site. This is why children born to women who drive regularly suffer from physical disorders to varying degrees. "

A first step to extract more rights

Given the hypocrisy of Saudi society, thirty three female members of the influential Advisory Council Majlis al-Shura, named in January by King Abdullah, decided to act. Dr. Al-Shalan Latifah, Dr. Haya Al-Manee and Dr. Mona Al-Mushait thus filed an appeal on 10 October to lift the de facto ban on women driving, recalls the USA Today website.

This recommendation does lead one day to a royal decree? This is the wish of Saudi who believe that only the king can reform society. "The king said that this is the company to decide. But this is impossible, the religious will never agree. It is for him to decide because it is a political issue, "the indignant blogger Tamador Al Yami on the site" Madame Le Figaro ".

But the Wahhabi kingdom, women's rights have always aroused great controversy. In the 1960s, the opening of the first girls' schools had raised such a storm of protest, including radical clerics that King Saud had to send the army to the protected. Although some argue that "society is not ready", Saudi Arabia carries shy but many advances in recent years. In 2009, King Abdullah has opened the first coeducational university, the University of Science and Technology. In September 2011, the king granted them the right to vote and representation in the municipal elections of 2015. And in recent months, domestic violence is now prohibited by law. Small steps to some, but not for such a giant conservative regime.

Obtain the right to drive, the first step towards the emancipation? Manal Al-Sharif believes hard as iron. Saudi women dream of "a more important right", that "to be considered major" and no longer depend on the permission of a male guardian - father, brother or husband - to travel, work or even get married. A long struggle which should nevertheless lead. Saudi Arabia signed the UN convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Sooner or later, it will ratify.

FRANCE: The French Parliament adopted narrowly draft pension reform

Tuesday, October 15th, 2013

 

The proposed pension reform Ayrault government, including key measures are progressive lengthening of the contribution period to 43 years and the introduction of a hardship account was voted Tuesday, October 15 at the National Assembly in the first reading. The bill "guarantees future and justice of the pension system" was adopted by 270 votes against 249. "We take the torch of social conquests past and we reconnect with the ambition of a cohesion model that forged the identity of our country," said Minister of Foreign Affairs social, Marisol Touraine.

But the allies of the Socialist Party have been lacking. Only the Socialist Group voted for this bill and did not fill up his troops with 17 of its members abstained. The absolute majority of 289 MPs is therefore not achieved, which is extremely rare for a text of this magnitude.

Described as a "historic mistake" reform

The Left Front has voted against an "anti-social" text, the UMP and also IDUs, for different reasons, accusing the government of "deceit" and "denial" with this re , as not returning including the legal age of retirement, maintained at 62 years.  

The formal vote in the Chamber took place while thousands of protesters in front of the Palais Bourbon in Paris and elsewhere in France, challenged again qualified reform "historic mistake."

The bill will then be discussed in the Senate on October 28, the government's goal is to permanently adopt the reform before the end of the year.

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The Nobel Peace Prize to the OPCW acclaimed even by Taliban

Saturday, October 12th, 2013

International reactions have increased since the award, Friday, October 11, the Nobel Peace Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). This award is especially welcomed by the Western powers, as it highlights the perilous work of the OPCW in Syria. This award also reinforces the process of dismantling , Lement the Syrian chemical arsenal, pursuant to a resolution of the Security Council of the UN. Thus, President Francois Hollande said that the price was a "consecration" for France. "The Nobel Prize is a dedication to all that France, not only France, has been engaged for several weeks to denounce the use of chemical weapons and dispose of in a near future, "said the head of state during a business visit to Nanterre. French President assured that Paris "fully supports the OPCW in its essential mission to destroy the Syrian arsenal." La France "will fully support its action, and the promotion of international cooperation in the peaceful uses of chemistry. " "A core mission," the U.S. side, Secretary of State John Kerry welcomed the decision, welcoming the "essential mission" , conducted by the organization in Syria, in order to eliminate chemical weapons. "The world will never forget the death of over a thousand innocent Syrians killed in a senseless attack with chemical weapons on 21 August," insisted John Kerry in a statement. The award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the OPCW reminder of the dangers of such weapons, said on his part the Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon. "This award comes almost 100 years after the first attack with chemical weapons, and 50 days after a shocking use of these weapons in Syria. Far from being relics of the past, chemical weapons are an obvious danger, and always far, "he said in a statement. This award has even reacted to Pakistan, where the Pakistani Taliban "rejoice" that the young activist for the right to education for women, Malala Yousafzai has not won the Nobel Peace Prize, said Friday their spokesman. The day before, they had denounced the Sakharov Prize of the European Parliament to the girl in Swat, they had tried to kill, accusing him of "working against Islam

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FRENCH HERITAGE: The oldest cinema in the world rising from the ashes in La Ciotat

Wednesday, October 9th, 2013

 

Behind its facade art deco yellow ocher is a monument in the history of Seventh Art reopens its doors on Wednesday, October 9 at La Ciotat, a half hour's drive from Marseille. Eden Theatre can indeed boast of being the oldest cinema in the world, with projections from the last years of the nineteenth century.

It is more precisely on 21 March 1899 the Eden Theatre hosts its first screening. Nearly 250 spectators médusésy then discovered the first films of Louis and Auguste Lumiere, less than four years after "the first public screening of film history" in the sumptuous family in Lyon.

A mythical time that makes the Eden Theatre oldest halls, sisters who disappeared over time. If she escaped this doom, thanks to the determination of a handful of Ciotadens refusing to see him die "a popular room where half the city ​​met the other half ", likes to tell the laughing eye, Michel Cornille, President of the Association" Lights of Eden ".

Tourism asset

Formerly the show and theater district, the Eden Theatre was forced to close its doors in 1995, after years of financial problems. It will take six million renovation to give new life to this legendary venue built on the seafront of La Ciotat. The building has been renovated respecting its identity inspired by the Italian theaters. The wooden structure that threatened to collapse has been strengthened, carpet éliméea been replaced by black oak flooring while E. were installed on the floor chairs in vintage velvet.

"In this beautiful place that tells a story," the Marseille architect André Stern has developed a set design depicting the transition from photography to the moving image, while at the Outside, the building will become the night locomotive - a tribute to the film of the Lumière brothers' Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat ", which had caused so much terror into the public - with a show on the front of the Seventh Art. 

Tourist attraction for the town of 35,000 inhabitants, the population triples in the summer, Eden "is not only a mausoleum in cinematic history," said Jean- François Chougnet, president of Marseille-Provence 2013, but a cinema in its own right after the highlight of the opening will be managed by a private operator ,. An operator who makes "his partner, his display," according to Mr. Cornille, because "with its 166 seats, it may be difficult to survive economically."

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SYRIA - REPORT: Advanced Jihad in Syria: Turkey closes border post

Friday, September 20th, 2013

 

The crossfire between rebels and jihadis the Free Syrian Army (SLA) are perfectly audible from Turkish territory. Concerned about the progress of jihadists linked to Al-Qaeda near its doors Ankara decided to close Thursday and until further notice the border post of Oncüpinar a strategic crossing point with Syria close to Azaz. This small town located 30 km northwest of Aleppo is controlled from Wednesday by fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (EIIL).

Turkish side, a line of trucks carrying humanitarian aid to Syria, extends for several kilometers. This is also where dozens of Syrian families are worried about their families back home. "I do not know what happens on the other side, there are problems with the fighters, but I'm not one of them so I do not know," ty moigne a man interviewed by FRANCE 24 carefully.

But off the record, refugees do not mince words. They accuse the Islamists have become their new tormentors extremists. Shared by Abu Ahmed, a Syrian smuggler who has since received dozens of calls Thursday inhabitants of the town of Azaz opinion. People who want to flee the fighting between moderate the Free Syrian Army and the jihadists who now gaining ground troops.

Reinforcements sent by ASL

According to ASL, is literally besieged Azaz, jihadists have set up checkpoints around the city. The people are terrified, trapped and can not leave the city to cross the border illegally.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) said that the situation was calm in the city and announced the dispatch of reinforcements ASL site. "The Tawheed Brigade will seek to calm the situation," he told AFP a spokesman for the unit which is one of the big components of the ASL. "We will make every effort to resolve the dispute and find a formula would satisfy all parties," he added.

Sending Tawheed Brigade was made at the request of the Battalion of the storm from the north, also under the ASL, based in the city.

According to activists, the jihadist Azaz assault began with an attack against the hospital in the city where they would remove a German physician. Another version says that the incident began when soldiers of the Battalion of the storm north escorting a German journalist prevented jihadists to remove.

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UNITED STATES: Vote on Syria: Republican leaders line up behind Obama

Wednesday, September 4th, 2013

 

Senior Republican leaders of Congress have made Tuesday, Sept. 3 a decisive political support for Barack Obama expressing support for military intervention in Syria, thus boosting the confidence of pre President of the rapid achievement of a parliamentary green light.

After the support of influential Republican Senator John McCain, Barack Obama, in fact, obtained Tuesday supporting the Republican Speaker of the House of Representatives, John Boehner. Eric Cantor, another tenor of the meeting dominated by Republicans, was also in favor of a military operation in Syria. "The United States should respond"

Speaking to the press after a meeting with the U.S. President at the White House, John Boehner said that the United States should respond. "This is something that the United States, as a country, have to," explained Republican. "We also have allies in the world and in the region who need to know that America is there when necessary," he added.

This key support should increase the momentum for a parliamentary resolution authorizing the use of force against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, at a time when many members of Republicans have indicated their intention to vote against.

Confident about the chances of success of a resolution authorizing the use of force in Syria in Parliament, Barack Obama expressed his gratitude to his political opponents. "I appreciate everyone here has begun to schedule hearings and provides to vote as soon as all the Congress will be back at the beginning of next week," Obama said.

"This represents a serious risk to the national security of the United States and other countries of the region." And to clarify, "accordingly, Asssad and Syria accountable" while warning that any operation would be "limited" and "proportional" without deployment ground troops.

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